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Libya: Haftar's forces capture strategic Sirte

January 7, 2020

Eastern forces, led by Khalifa Haftar, have announced the capture of the coastal city of Sirte, previously controlled by the Tripoli government. The news comes a day after Turkey deployed troops in support of Tripoli.

Fighters loyal to General Khalifa Haftar
Image: Getty Images/AFP/A. Doma

Forces loyal to military strongman General Khalifa Haftar have seized control of the coastal city of Sirte. The strategic site fell to the self-styled Libyan National Army within a matter of hours on Monday.

Since 2016, Sirte had been ruled by forces allied with the UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) based in the capital, Tripoli.

Read more: Opinion: Germany shares blame for Libya's unrest

Ahmed al-Mosmari, a spokesman for the Libyan National Army (LNA), announced the capture of Sirte at a press conference in the eastern city of Benghazi, saying the city was seized in a "lightning" offensive and struck from land and sea positions with air cover.

"Sirte has been totally liberated," al-Mosmari said on television. "The operation was quick and lasted only three hours," he added, although preparations had started months earlier with airstrikes on areas of pro-GNA forces.

The GNA did not immediately confirm the capture of the city, but a pro-GNA military commander, speaking on condition of anonymity, acknowledged the news, according to French news agency Agence France-Presse (AFP).

Haftar moves toward Tripoli

The fall of Sirte to LNA forces is a major win for Haftar, as the city is located some 230 miles (370 kilometers) east of Tripoli.

The military commander launched an operation in January 2019 to "purge" southern Libya "of terrorist groups and criminals," and captured several towns with support from local tribes.

In December, Haftar announced a "final" battle to take Tripoli.

Sirte was the hometown of Moammar Gadhafi, Libya's former president and longtime dictator, who was ousted and killed by NATO-backed Libyan rebels in 2011.

After Gadhafi's death, the oil-rich country fell into chaos and has since been divided between the GNA in Tripoli and Haftar's forces in east. The LNA also controls most parts of southern Libya.

Haftar's east-based government is supported by the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, as well as France and Russia.

The Tripoli-based government is backed by Turkey, Qatar and Italy.

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Europe concerned over Turkey

On Sunday, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan declared Ankara had begun deploying its soldiers to Libya to support the GNA.

Turkey's role in the country has raised concern across the region, as well as in Europe.

The European Union has expressed alarm over an "imminent" intensification of violence around Tripoli.

Foreign ministers from France, Italy, Greece and Cyprus are expected to meet with Egypt on Wednesday to discuss "ways to push efforts to reach a comprehensive settlement."

The neighboring country of Algeria, which hosted GNA Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj and Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu on Monday, has urged the UN Security Council to demand a ceasefire in Libya.

UN angry at foreign interference

Ghassan Salame, the UN's special envoy to Libya, said Monday that he felt "angry" at foreign interference in the country.

"I am really angry to see that everybody wants to talk about Libya and very few people want to talk about the Libyans, what happens to the Libyans," Salame said, according to AFP. "Enough is enough, the Libyans have suffered enough."

In response to Turkey's deployment of troops, Salame said countries should "keep out of Libya …  there is enough weapons in Libya."

mvb/cmk (AP, AFP, dpa)

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