Cabinet ministers and Chancellor Angela Merkel on Wednesday agreed on a plan that includes making the country climate-neutral five years earlier than previously planned.
The legislation is the German government's response to an unprecedented April Constitutional Court ruling that demanded that the country share the burden of emissions reduction between older and younger generations.
What does the new law entail?
According to the draft, emissions in Germany are to fall by 65 percent by 2030 and by 88 percent by 2040 compared to 1990 levels.
Greenhouse gas neutrality is to be achieved by 2045.
Environment Minister Svenja Schulze said the legislation would ensure generational fairness without stalling the economy.
"With this law, we are achieving greater equality between the generations, greater security in planning for the future and a bold climate protection plan that does not stall the economy, but restructures and modernizes it," Schulze said.
Schulze added that Germany would seek to record negative emissions from 2050 onwards — absorbing more greenhouse gases than it produced. "We are talking about nothing less than a doubling of the tempo when it comes to climate protection," she said.
Fast-track implementation plan
The minister said "immediate measures" to put the implement the law are to be presented in the coming weeks.
Schulze had earlier told the public broadcaster ARD that the law was a "really important framework" because it makes climate protection legally binding. "No one can be able to duck away anymore," she said.
The legislation requires responsible ministers to immediately make up for any failures of any relevant sector to meet its climate targets.
Merkel's conservatives are under some electoral pressure from the Green Party, which currently leads opinion polls ahead of September's general election. Speaking to ARD, Green Party leader Annalena Baerbock — a would-be successor to Merkel as chancellor — urged the government to "not just name targets, but also measures with which we can reach these targets."
rc/sms (dpa, AFP)