1. Skip to content
  2. Skip to main menu
  3. Skip to more DW sites

Fukushima anniversary: Loss of life is 'still unbearable'

March 11, 2021

It's been 10 years since an earthquake and tsunami triggered a meltdown at the Fukushima nuclear plant. Japan is holding nationwide commemorations to remember the thousands who died.

people pray at graves in Japan
People said prayers for those who died in the deadly tsunamiImage: Yuichi Yamazaki/Getty Images

Japan has marked 10 years since an earthquake caused a tsunami to strike the country's northeast coast, triggering meltdowns at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

It was the worst natural disaster in the country's living memory. Around 18,500 people were killed or left missing.

How Japan commemorated the disaster

A minute's silence was observed across the country at 2:46 p.m. local time (05:46 UTC) on Thursday, the exact moment the 9.0 magnitude quake hit Japan's coast on March 11, 2011.

Survivors prayed for the victims and remembered their loved ones.

Japan's Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga bows in front of the altar for victims
Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga spoke at a memorial service in TokyoImage: Behrouz Mehri/REUTERS

Speaking at a memorial service in Tokyo, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said:

  • It was still "unbearable" to contemplate the feelings of those who lost loved ones.
  • Japan must "never forget" the lessons learned in the disaster.
  • The country would continue to provide support to help people rebuild their lives.

Emperor Naruhito also expressed his condolences and said Japan had to build a stronger nation for the future.

Mourning Fukushima: 10 years on

What happened during the disaster

The magnitude 9.0 earthquake — one of the strongest temblors on record — struck offshore and generated a towering tsunami that reached land within half an hour.

A wave as high as 19 meters (62 feet) was recorded in the coastal town of Miyako in Iwate prefecture.

In Miyagi prefecture, the tsunami swept as far as 6 kilometers (3.6 miles) inland.

The tsunami in total devastated around about 400 kilometers (240 miles) of coastline.

Mariko Odawara places flowers near the sea
People placed flowers to mourn the victims of the earthquake and tsunami in Iwaki, Fukushima prefectureImage: Kim Kyung-Hoon/REUTERS

Lasting impact of the Fukushima disaster

Nearly half a million people were displaced across the northeastern region. Ten years later, 42,565 people, including 35,725 from Fukushima, still haven't been able to return home.

Much of Japan's northeastern coastline has been fortified with enormous concrete seawalls as high as 15 meters (50 feet). When completed, the total length will be 432 kilometers (270 miles).

Kamiishi city completely flooded
This picture, taken two days after the disaster, shows the tsunami-devastated Kamiishi city in Iwate prefectureImage: epa/picture alliance

No-go zones remain in nine Fukushima municipalities surrounding the wrecked nuclear plant. This accounts for 2.4% of prefectural land, down from more than 10% in the initial no-go zone.

About 14 million tons — enough to fill 11 enclosed baseball stadiums — of radioactive soil, trees and other waste from around Fukushima remain in waste bags piled at temporary storage sites.

Around the world, the disaster prompted some countries to reconsider nuclear power. Several months later, the German parliament voted to phase out atomic energy completely by the end of 2022.

Cost of recovery for Japan

The government has spent 32 trillion yen ($295 billion/€247 billion) on the region's recovery. This includes funds for the construction of roads, seawalls and houses, and support for people's livelihood.

Tokyo Electric Power Company, the operator of the destroyed plant, has said its costs will total 21.5 trillion yen. This will cover decommissioning the nuclear power plant in the coming decades, compensating evacuees and decontaminating radioactive materials outside the plant.

kmm/rt (AP, AFP, Reuters)

Skip next section Explore more
Skip next section DW's Top Story

DW's Top Story

Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki inspects the site with Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal as he receives information from officials during delivering process of the first batch of the Leopard tanks
Skip next section More stories from DW
Go to homepage