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Wartime bomb prompts mass evacuation in Frankfurt

August 30, 2017

In one of the biggest evacuations in Germany since World War II, 70,000 residents of the city of Frankfurt are to move out of their homes while a bomb is defused. It was found at a construction site in the city center.

A bomb found in Frankfurt covered by a blue tent
Image: picture-alliance/dpa/B. Roessler

The bomb was found on the edge of a construction site on Wismarer Strasse. An area of 1.5 kilometers (0.6 square miles) in the Westend district of the city center will have to be cleared on Sunday while it is made safe, a police spokesman said on Wednesday. The operation to defuse it is planned for Sunday.

It was unclear if flights into the airport, which is the country's biggest, would be interrupted on Sunday. This may depend on prevailing wind conditions at the time.

The 1,800-kilogram (4,000-pound) device is believed to be a British bomb dating back to the Allies' raids on the city. It was designed to damage buildings more than a kilometer from the center of the explosion. 

The 'blockbuster' bomb is one of many that have been uncovered in Germany in recent years.

Seventy years on, still finding bombs

In December last year, a British bomb identified as a blockbuster was found in Augsburg. More than 54,000 people had to leave their homes on Christmas Day while it was defused. That to date was the largest evacuation since the end of World War II more than 70 years ago.

US and British air forces dropped 2.7 million tons of bombs on Europe between 1940 and the end of the war in 1945, according to the Smithsonian US research group.

Frankfurt in 1945
Frankfurt, like many of Germany's cities, was scarred by Allied bombing by war's end in 1945Image: picture-alliance/akg-images

Half of the devices were dropped on Germany. An estimated 10 percent of the bombs had failed to explode.

Each year, hundreds of unexploded munitions are uncovered in Germany and before any construction project begins, the ground has to be certified as cleared of unexploded ordnance. 

jm/kms/sgb (dpa, Reuters)