1. Skip to content
  2. Skip to main menu
  3. Skip to more DW sites
Österreich Mahnstein vor dem Geburtshaus Hitlers in Braunau
The memorial translates roughly as: 'For peace, freedom and democracy. Never again [to] fascism, the millions of dead remind us.'Image: picture-alliance/dpa/M. Röder

Austria moves to seize Hitler's birth house

Darko Janjevic (AP, dpa, Reuters)
July 12, 2016

The government in Vienna has drawn up a legislation to take ownership of Adolf Hitler's birth house in Braunau am Inn. Austria wants to stop the house from becoming a neo-Nazi '"cult site," possibly by destroying it.


The move would the strip the current proprietor, local woman Gerlinde Pommer, of her ownership of the historical building, the Interior Ministry said on Tuesday.

Adolf Hitler's family only rented an apartment within the Braunau am Inn house for a few years around 1889, when the future Nazi dictator was born. In 1938, after the Nazi regime annexed Austria and Hitler's close aide Martin Bormann bought the house, the site was placed under state protection. Austria returned the property to its original owners after the war. The River Inn in Braunau serves as the border between Germany and Austria.

In 1972, the Vienna government started renting the building, using it mostly to house workshops for the disabled. Its long-term fate, however, remained disputed. Although the government has been trying to buy the property since 1984, the owner Gerlinde Pommer refused to budge.

Minister pushing to 'tear down' the house

The Tuesday draft seems to signal that patience in Vienna has finally run out.

Geburtshaus Adolf Hitler in Braunau
At one time, the building served as the town's libraryImage: picture-alliance/dpa

"The decision is necessary because the Republic would like to prevent this house from becoming a 'cult site' for neo-Nazis in any way, which it has been repeatedly in the past, when people gathered there to shout slogans," Interior Minister Wolfgang Sobotka said ahead of the cabinet meeting.

"It is my vision to tear down the house," he added, saying that its demolition would be "the cleanest solution."

Sobotka's ministry is currently paying 4,800 euros ($5,332) a month in rent, although the house has been empty since 2011, following another clash with the owner on its use and remodeling.

However, there are legal obstacles to destroying the house. The three-story building is protected by law as a part of the historical old town in Braunau, and the authorities would need to find a way around the regulation.

An interior ministry spokeswoman had already described Sobotka's remarks as his "personal opinion."

The end for Hitler’s birth house?

Compensation with no appeal

A twelve-member commission would make the final decision, with ideas ranging from demolition to conversion to a school, library, or a museum documenting the Nazi atrocities.

The parliament is expected to confirm the government's draft in September. The bill foresees a compensation for the owner, but the retired woman would not be able to appeal the decision nor to negotiate the damages.

Instead, Pommer would be paid a sum equivalent to those paid to compensate for railway line construction, according to Minister Sobotka.

Skip next section Related topics
Skip next section DW's Top Story

DW's Top Story

Pictures Karl Gorath are displayed during a memorial ceremony commemorating the victims of the Holocaust on the International Holocaust Remembrance Day

Germany remembers Nazi persecution of sexual minorities

Skip next section More stories from DW
Go to homepage