The head of Amnesty International in Turkey was charged on Friday for alleged links to the Islamic movement authorities blame for last year's failed coup attempt, the rights group said.
Taner Kilic was remanded in pre-trial detention and charged with "membership in a terror organization" after being arrested earlier this week in the western city of Izmir alongside 22 other lawyers.
"Imprisonment of our Turkey Chair is mockery of justice," Amnesty's Turkey researcher Andrew Gardner said in a statement released Saturday about the hearing the night before.
Earlier, Gardner said on Twitter: "Human rights defender, Amnesty Turkey chair Taner Kilic remanded in pre-trial detention. No credible evidence presented at hearing. Shame!"
More than 50,000 people including soldiers, civil servants, teachers and academics have been arrested in a massive crackdown since last July's failed coup attempt. Over 100,000 others have been dismissed from their jobs under sweeping emergency powers granted to the government in the wake of the coup attempt. Hundreds of media outlets, NGOs and rights groups have also been shuttered.
Read: Interview with Amnesty Turkey Researcher Andrew Gardner
The government accuses the arrested and dismissed of links to the movement of US-based preacher Fethullah Gulen, a former ally of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan who authorities say orchestrated the coup attempt. The Gulen movement denies any involvement.
Amnesty International's Secretary General Salil Shetty said the charges brought against Kilic "show just how arbitrary, just how sweeping, the Turkish government's frenzied pursuit of its perceived enemies and critics has become."
"Taner's arrest highlights not just a disregard for human rights, but a desire to target those who defend them," he added.
Authorities accuse Kilic of having the encrypted messaging app Bylock on his phone since August 2014. Thousands of people have been arrested for having the messaging app, which authorities say Gulen followers used to communicate and plan the coup attempt in secret.
Read: Turkish police detain prime minister's top aide over alleged Gulen links
Amnesty said no evidence has been presented to substantiate the allegations. It said Kilic never had the app on his phone, and had never heard of it until it was widely reported in connection with detentions and prosecutions.
"Taner Kilic is neither a supporter nor a follower of the Fethullah Gulen movement and has in fact been critical of its role in Turkey. The only evidence brought against him is the alleged presence on his phone of a secure communications platform that would not, even it were true, be evidence of a criminal act. He must not face trial on the basis of such flimsy and inadequate accusations," said Shetty.
Eight other lawyers arrested earlier this week were also charged.
New York-based Human Rights Watch also condemned measures against Kilic.
"Jailing Amnesty Turkey head pending trial on membership of terrorist group shows again the horror show of Turkey's courts," Emma Sinclair-Webb, the group's Turkey expert, said on her Twitter feed.
The US State Department, EU, Germany and international and domestic rights organizations have sharply criticized Kilic's arrest.
People facing terror related charges in Turkey can remain in pre-trial detention for several years.