The fugitive former CIA employee Edward Snowden seems to be stuck in transit. He can't get further since he doesn't have a valid passport. The case is putting a strain on US-Russian relations.
In the Hollywood film "Terminal," a traveler from Eastern Europe, played by Tom Hanks, has to live for months in the transit area of JFK Airport in New York. The reason for his predicament was that his passport was invalid.
The former CIA employee Edward Snowden has the same problem: following his revelations about US Internet surveillance, the US has canceled his passport. Ever since he told the world about the National Security Agency's wide-ranging snooping activities, he's been on the run. On Sunday (23.06.2013) he arrived in Moscow from Hong Kong. International media reported that he wanted to fly from there to Cuba or Ecuador.
He hasn't done so yet. On Wednesday, the Russian news agency Interfax quoted an anonymous source that he couldn't buy a ticket because he didn't have a valid passport. On Tuesday, the Russian president, Vladimir Putin confirmed that Snowden was still in the transit area of Sheremetyevo Airport, northwest of Moscow. Neither story has been confirmed by independent sources. It's not clear exactly where Snowden is.
A welcome catch
Gerhard Mangott, Russia expert at the University of Innsbruck in Austria, has his doubts about Putin's version. "I assume Snowden isn't in the transit area at Sheremetyevo," he told Deutsche Welle. He's probably at some secret address being interrogated by the Russian authorities: "The Russians won't pass up such an opportunity." Putin has denied any such suggestion.
Gerhard Simon, Eastern Europe expert at the University of Cologne, is also skeptical: "We don't know whether Snowden is in Sheremetyevo." He's a prisoner of Russia, since he needs Russian help to travel further.
Mangott describes him as "a fish which has unexpectedly swum into the net of the Russian intelligence service." He thinks that Putin probably feels some "personal satisfaction" at the situation. Only a few years ago, a Russian spy-ring was uncovered in the US - now Moscow can get its own back.
Straining relations with the US
The US has demanded Snowden's extradition and threatened consequences. Putin said on Tuesday that extradition was not possible, since there was no extradition treaty between the US and Russia, and Snowden hadn't broken any Russian laws.
Simon told DW that the latter argument was hypocritical: "International arrest warrants are always based on the idea that another country is accusing someone of a crime which has to be investigated."
The case is straining relations between the two countries, which have become increasingly tense since Putin returned to the presidency a year ago anyway. Disagreements on Syria and on US missile defense plans in Europe have led to an icy atmosphere.
At the end of 2012, the two countries played legal tit-for-tat: the US passed the so-called Magnitski law, which imposed travel bans on officials who were believed to have been responsible for the death of a dissident lawyer in prison; Russia responded with a ban on the adoption of Russian children by American parents.
No asylum for Snowden in Russia
Mangott fears that the US could now pass further laws, which could have "serious consequences for bilateral relations." Some US senators have demanded a tough response. Mangott assumes Russia will let Snowden move on, in order to avoid such repercussions.
Simon, too, doesn't think that Snowden will remain in Russia - it's not in Moscow's interest to risk long-term damage to relations. Incidents of spying between the two countries have always ended the same way: "Looking back, one can say that such spying cases have never done much damage to relations in the long term."