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South Korea pardons former President Park Geun-hye

December 24, 2021

President Moon Jae-in has pardoned his predecessor and chief rival in an effort to "heal social conflicts" ahead of the March presidential election. Two main candidates are neck and neck in the polls.

Supporters of former South Korean President Park Geun-hye march during a rally to call for her release
Former President Park Geun-hye has been pardoned after receiving a lengthy prison term for bribery and other crimesImage: Ahn Young-Joon/AP Photo/picture alliance

South Korea’s Justice Ministry said on Friday that former President Park Geun-hye had been pardoned. Park had been imprisoned over corruption charges.

South Korea's first elected female leader is also the daughter of late dictator Park Chung-hee.

Her predecessor, Lee Myung-bak, also serving a jail term for corruption charges, has not been pardoned.

Why was Park pardoned?

South Korea's Justice Minister Park Beom-kye said that the former president's "pardon was granted to heal social conflicts and restore the local community." 

"We should move into a new era by getting over the pains of the past. It's time to boldly pull together all our strengths for the future rather than fighting against each other while being preoccupied with the past,'' President Moon Jae-in said in a statement.

"In the case of former President Park, we considered the fact that her health condition has deteriorated a lot after serving nearly five years in prison,'' he said.

Park has been hospitalized three times this year due to chronic shoulder and lower back pain, which was taken into account in amnesty deliberations. In a statement released by lawyer Yoo Young-ha, Park thanked Moon for the pardon and said she would be concentrating on her health. 

Supporters and politicians of the opposition People Power party had been calling for Park’s pardon ahead of the March presidential election.

Lee Jae-myung of the ruling Democratic Party and People Power's Yoon Suk-yeol are seen neck and neck in recent polls.

South Korean presidents can only serve one five-year term, meaning Moon cannot run again for the Democratic Party.

Why was Park jailed?

Park Geun-hye was serving a 20-year jail term, upheld in January this year by the country's top court, for corruption after a sprawling scandal that forced her out of office in 2017. 

South Korea's conservative Youtube activists

She was found guilty of colluding with her confidant, Choi Soon-sil, to receive tens of billions of won from major conglomerates.

Park was accused of giving Choi, who held no official post, too much access to government business and of helping her extort top companies.

Park was also indicted on charges of illegally taking funds that were diverted from the budget of South Korea's intelligence agency.

The scandal prompted months of massive protests in the street. It also led to the arrest of the heads of two conglomerates, including Samsung Electronics.

A poll by Gallup Korea in November showed 48% of respondents were opposed to pardoning Park and Lee, down from 60% earlier this year. 

sdi/msh (AP, AFP, Reuters)