Lithuania: Banker Gitanas Nauseda wins presidential race | News | DW | 26.05.2019
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Lithuania: Banker Gitanas Nauseda wins presidential race

A central banker and pro-European political novice has been chosen as Lithuania's new president. He takes over from the popular Dalia Grybauskaite, who could not stand for reelection after two terms in office.

Gitanas Nauseda, Lithuania's former central banker, won the presidential election on Sunday after opponent Ingrida Simonyte conceded.

A center-right pro-EU political novice, Nauseda spent his career in commercial banking, most recently as an advisor to the head of Sweden's SEB Bank, which is also Lithuania's biggest bank.

Nauseda, 55, had 72%perecnt of the vote, according to election authority results after 42% of the ballots were counted. Simonyte, 44, a former finance minister in a center-right government, stood at 28%.

"I was the independent candidate and my task in this election campaign was to unify Lithuanian people, no matter where they live, in small regions, villages, small cities or big cities," Gitanas Nauseda told Reuters after declaring victory.

Dalia Grybauskaite former president of LIthuania(picture-alliance/AP/M. Kulbis)

Outgoing Grybauskaite has been one of the European Union's most outspoken critics of the Kremlin

German connection

After Lithuania declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1990, Nauseda left to pursue his education at the University of Mannheim in Germany, an experience he says had a lasting impact on his views.

"In Germany, I realized that the Western way of life and the market economy is the right path, and that naive ideas about some half-way or third way were complete nonsense," he said during the campaign.

"My Western attitudes are only getting stronger," added Nauseda, who is a staunch backer of Lithuania's NATO and EU membership.

Nauseda, who became a household name from his role as chief economist at a top bank, has pledged to follow the tough stance set by outgoing President Dalia Grybauskaite, known as the Baltic nation's "Iron Lady" and one of the European Union's most outspoken critics of the Kremlin.

Grybauskaite, 63, who is still very popular,was not eligible to run again after serving two terms.

As a political outsider, Nauseda's first challenge will be to resolve a government crisis. Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis pledged to quit on the day the new president is inaugurated after failing to advance from the first round of the presidential vote.

Watch video 05:35

Lithuania's dark past

Business oriented presidency

The Lithuanian president has a wide semi-executive mandate and can veto laws passed by the parliament.

He also will have decisive role in shaping the nation's foreign and security policies as well as in appointing key officials such as the prime minister, judges, the chief prosecutor, and the central bank governor.

Five years after Moscow's annexation of Crimea from Ukraine that sparked fears of further Russian aggression across Eastern Europe, the election campaign in Lithuania was dominated by voter anger over economic inequality and corruption.

Income inequality is among the highest in the European Union, second only to Bulgaria.

In an earlier interview with Reuters, Nauseda said he would use his presidential powers to help businesses expand in emerging markets, especially China, and request that the government increase revenues and better fund social services such as pensions.

Nauseda's election pledges include supporting Poland in its quest to have a permanent US military base, dubbed "Fort Trump."

Nausea's political idols include WWII-era British prime minister Winston Churchill and former US President Ronald Reagan, known as a "Cold Warrior" for his hard line on the then-USSR. In foreign policy, where his country's presidents play a key role, Nauseda has pledged to seek a stronger NATO and US military presence on Lithuanian soil to deter Russia.      

av/se (AFP, Reuters)

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