Italy's envoy to the EU has said it is unsustainable for all migrant rescue ships in the Mediterranean to land on his country's shores. Over 10,000 asylum-seekers have arrived in Italy over the last few days.
Italy's ambassador to the EU, Maurizio Massari, was given a formal mandate by his government to raise the issue with European Migration and Home Affairs Commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos on Wednesday. According to Italian officials, the move represented "a formal diplomatic gesture" representing Rome's discontent with the current situation.
Avramopoulos responded via Twitter that he had discussed with the Italian envoy "our support after increasing numbers of arrivals in Italy."
It is unsustainable, Italian diplomatic sources said, that all rescue ships should land in Italy.
"The ambassador highlighted that Italy's efforts have been enormous and well beyond international obligations, and under the current circumstances it is difficult for our authorities to allow further disembarkations of migrants," an Italian diplomat cited by German news agency dpa said.
"In everything we do, we all have a humanitarian obligation to save lives," EU commissioner Avramopolous said on Wednesday. "Of course, we cannot leave a handful of EU countries on their own to deal with this," he added.
Germany extends Mediterranean operation
Germany's Bundestag agreed on Thursday to extend its military operation in the Mediterranean, following Italy's proclamations.
Operation Sophia, which involves up to 950 members of the Bundeswehr, was extended by one year to June 2018.
The operation aims to combat smuggling operations and prevent illegal arms trafficking but critics said their ongoing rescue almost than 40,000 refugees plays into the hands of smugglers and encourages their actions.
According to the Ministry of Defense, more than a hundred suspected human smugglers have been arrested since August 2016 by the operation, which operates in the waters between Italy and Libya.
Among other European nations sending ships to take part in Operation Sophia are Germany, Belgium and most recently Spain, whose frigate Victoria left Rota last week to join the EU operation:
Fabrice Leggeri, the executive director of the EU's border agency Frontex, said on Wednesday the arrival of high numbers of boats from Libya was "extremely worrying."
"This year we are witnessing levels never registered before in short periods of time," Leggeri added.
Unsustainable pressure on Italy
According to Italian diplomatic sources, if the situation does not change, Italy may be forced to deny non-Italian-flagged ships or vessels that are not part of European missions permission to dock at its ports.
This would endanger the work of various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and possibly prevent non-Italian merchant vessels carrying out rescue operations in the Mediterranean from bringing people to Italian ports. It is a legal obligation for all vessels, including commercial ships, to rescue people in distress on the high seas.
Rome's message is that Italy is facing a serious situation and Europe cannot look the other way. At last week's EU summit, Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni failed to convince his EU partners to take in more asylum-seekers.
According to data from the Italian Interior Ministry, as of Wednesday of last week, 76,873 migrants had landed on Italian shores since the start of the year. The figure represents a 13 percent increase over the same period in 2016 and does not include the roughly 10,000 migrants saved in the Mediterranean Sea in recent days who are still in transit towards Italian shores. The number of arrivals is expected to increase further during the warm summer months.
NGOs under pressure
Among the NGOs rescuing migrants in the Mediterranean is Doctors without Borders (MSF). On Wednesday it reported its ship Aquarius had 1,032 rescued people on board.
MSF reported that a quarter of all those fleeing Libya are women and children:
Any change for migrant landings could affect several German vessels operated by German sea rescue charities, such as Jugend Rettet and Sea Watch.
Italy's ruling, center-left Democratic party has come under pressure over the migrant issue. In municipal elections earlier in June, center-right opposition parties made substantial gains with a number of politicians taking a tough stand on immigration.
The head of the conservative Northern League, Matteo Salvini, resorted to a slogan "stop the invasion" as he spoke out against migrant arrivals in Italy.
The populist Five Star Movement has also called for a halt to new migrant arrivals in Rome.
On Wednesday, the opposition Forza Italia party of former premier Silvio Berlusconi said the
government had responded to its urgings for a tougher line on migration.