1. Skip to content
  2. Skip to main menu
  3. Skip to more DW sites

Germany and G20 push for free trade

March 20, 2018

Germany's finance minister defended open markets after a G20 meeting in Buenos Aires. Officials from other countries also warned against protectionism ahead of planned US tariffs on steel and aluminum.

Olaf Scholz at a G20 meeting in Buenos Aires
German central bank chief Jens Weidmann (left) and German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz (center) in Buenos AiresImage: picture-alliance/dpa/S. Pani

Germany and other members of the G20 group of major economies warned against protectionism at a G20 meeting in the Argentine capital Buenos Aires on Monday, as US trading partners prepare for planned US tariffs on steel and aluminum.

"We must make sure that protectionism will not now define the global landscape, but that there will still be open markets," German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz told reporters. He added that he expected the final communique to emphasize the importance of free trade.

Read more: Trade tensions overshadow G20 finance ministers meeting

The head of the German central bank, Jens Weidmann, said the "dominant opinion" during the meeting was that trade spats should be solved "within the existing rule-based trade system."

He added that a trade war would harm global growth: "It is clear that such an escalation would only create losers in the end."

Read more: Does Donald Trump eye a weak dollar?

European Union Hopes to Avoid Trade War with USA

US pushback

Officials from the EU, Japan and Latin American countries including Argentina and Brazil shared Germany's concerns.

"The first risk is the risk of inward looking policies and protectionism," European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs Pierre Moscovici told reporters.

Japan's central bank chief Haruhiko Kuroda said: "There is a solid understanding among the global community that free trade is important."

US Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin dissented, saying the US could not sacrifice its own interests for the global trading system.

Read more: US trade groups warn against higher tariffs

Trade war scare

Fears of a global trade war have intensified in recent days amid heavy criticism from Europe and China against planned US tariffs on steel and aluminum imports.

The measures — a 25 percent tariff on steel imports and a 10 percent tariff on aluminum imports — are set to enter force on Friday. Only Canada and Mexico have been granted exemptions.

But EU leaders have called on the US to exempt the bloc as well, with French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire asking Mnuchin for an exemption during the G20 meeting in Buenos Aires.

"To tell you the bottom line, no one would understand if the EU, at the end of the day, is not globally exempt from this," he said.

The EU has already warned it will retaliate if it is not exempted by slapping tariffs on US exports, including motorcycles and whisky.

Read more: German Economy Minister Altmaier warns against trade war ahead of trip to US

German lobbying in Washington

Meanwhile, German Economic Affairs Minister Peter Altmaier lobbied US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross for an EU exemption during a meeting in Washington, DC on Monday.

Following the meeting, Altmaier said he and Ross had agreed to intensifying US-EU talks on an exemption.

He said the US could be willing to grant the EU a temporary exemption as early as next week while both sides negotiate a permanent solution, adding: "We anticipate further discussions over the next few days."

Altmaier is set to meet the US's top trade negotiator, Robert Lighthizer, on Tuesday.

Read more: Merkel defends surplus as US threatens trade war

amp/se (dpa, Reuters, AFP)

Each evening at 1830 UTC, DW's editors send out a selection of the day's hard news and quality feature journalism. You can sign up to receive it directly here.