Fatah is a Palestinian nationalist political party that was strongly involved in the Palestinian revolutionary struggle.
Palestinian political leader Yasser Arafat founded Fatah in the late 1950s. For decades, the Palestinian liberation movement was a cornerstone of the Palestinian national cause. In the 2006 Palestinian parliamentary election, Fatah lost its majority to Hamas, a rival Palestinian movement.
Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah is visiting Gaza to negotiate a Hamas-Fatah unity government. But Netanyahu has said Hamas needs to make three specific concessions for Israel to accept any eventual deal.