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Latin America's largest airline is the latest carrier to fall prey to the virus that has massively disrupted air travel. Latam Air counts US airline Delta Air Lines and Qatar Airways among its prominent shareholders.
Latam Airlines Group, Latin America's largest air carrier, and several of its affiliates have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the United States, as travel bans across the region force airlines to ground their fleet.
The bankruptcy filing will allow the airline to continue to fly as it seeks to restructure debt and sets its house in order. Latam has secured financial support from major shareholders, including Chile's Cueto family and Qatar Airways, of up to $900 million (€824 million) in debtor-in-possession (DIP) financing. The group had about $1.3 billion in cash on hand at the time of filing.
Latam, which has been forced to cut 95% of its passenger operations due to the pandemic, listed assets and liabilities in the range of $10 billion and $50 billion, according to its bankruptcy filing seen by Reuters.
"Latam entered the COVID-19 pandemic as a healthy and profitable airline group, yet exceptional circumstances have led to a collapse in global demand and has not only brought aviation to a virtual standstill, but it has also changed the industry for the foreseeable future," Chief Executive Roberto Alvo said in a statement.
Latam is the latest airline to seek bankruptcy court protection amid the coronavirus crisis. Latin American rival Avianca Holdings filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy earlier this month. Australia's Virgin Australia has also sought protection from creditors.
Latam has had an impressive history. Executives hope the airline can successfully undergo a restructuring process and survive the coronavirus crisis despite its massive problems right now
Key Brazilian unit left out
Latam, which carried more than 70 million passengers last year, said its affiliates in Chile, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador and the US had filed for bankruptcy. Latam's units in Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay were not included in the filing.
Latam was dealt a major jolt this weekend by US President Donald Trump's decision to prohibit the entry of most non-US citizens arriving from Brazil, which has emerged as "a new epicenter" of the coronavirus pandemic, accounting for the second-highest number of confirmed COVID-19 infections after the US. Latam depends on Brazil for about a third of its revenue.
The airline's Brazilian affiliates are in talks with the Brazilian government for a bailout package.
In March, Latam was reported to have cut the salaries of its 43,000-strong workforce by 50% for three months, due to the pandemic. Latam has already eliminated more than 1,850 jobs in Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in recent weeks, Bloomberg reported.
A long history
Latam traces its roots to Chile's Linea Aerea Nacional de Chile (Lan Airlines), which was founded in 1929 by legendary Chilean aviator Commodore Arturo Merino Benitez, who is also credited to have founded the country's air force. Lan Airlines was privatized in 1989 when the Chilean government sold a 51% stake to local investors and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS).
Eight years later, LAN listed on the New York Stock Exchange, becoming the first Latin American airline to trade American Depository Receipts (ADRs) on the exchange. Latam was formed when Lan merged with Brazil's Tam in 2012.
Chile's Cueto Group is the biggest shareholder in the company with a stake of over 21%. Last year, US carrier Delta Air Lines paid $1.9 billion for a 20% stake in Latam, as it looked to expand its presence in South America.