IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde will become the European Central Bank's next president in November. If she replaces Italy's Mario Draghi, a huge change in the eurozone lender's policy seems unlikely.
Following several rounds of horse-trading in Brussels, EU leaders nominated France's Christine Lagarde to replace Mario Draghi as president of the European Central Bank. The decision put Germany's more hawkish Bundesbank president, Jens Weidmann, out of the running.
Lagarde, the 63-year-old managing director of the International Monetary Fund, was the first woman to head the Washington-based body, and she will be the first woman to be at the helm of the ECB. Before joining the IMF, Lagarde served as finance minister in her home country.
"I'm honored to have been nominated," Lagarde said in a statement Tuesday, adding that she would temporarily relinquish her responsibilities at the IMF during the nomination period.
Up to the mark?
Most analysts agree her job in Washington qualifies her for the ECB's top post, although she'll be the only president who's not a professional economist. She was first appointed as IMF managing director back in 2011 and was able to start a second term in 2016.
Under her tenure there, she experienced the impact of the eurozone debt crisis, dealt with huge emerging market risks and the repercussions of a full-blown US-China trade war. Lagarde hasn't tired of warning that trade disputes and the imposition of higher tariffs on goods are putting global growth in jeopardy and urged nations around the globe to fix global trade.
The fight for gender equality has been one of Christine Lagarde's major priorities — here she's seen in a debate on the topic with Ivanka Trump and Angela Merkel
When she starts at the ECB later this year, Lagarde will find a eurozone that has not yet been weaned off massive fiscal stimulus. Financial pundits expect outgoing ECB President Mario Draghi to cut interest rates in September in the hope of fueling lackluster inflation.
A hefty change in monetary policy is not on the cards. Investors see Lagarde as sharing Draghi's taste for aggressive and innovative policy tools.
Call for reforms
On the other hand, Lagarde is not known for supporting any overreliance on monetary policy. Instead, she's frequently called on eurozone nations in particular to do their homework and set up a rainy day fund big enough to head off another major financial crisis.
"Greater risk-sharing combined with larger national buffers would allow countries to avoid having to raise taxes and cut spending when the next downturn comes," Lagarde noted. She wants economies to become more resilient and productive, emphasizing that this can only be achieved by implementing the required structural reforms.
"More fiscal integration and true banking and capital markets unions will not address the structural weaknesses holding back growth," she warned recently. Looking at Italy, people will most likely hear her repeat these warnings when she takes over in Frankfurt.