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Western Balkans aim to join EU after talks

June 23, 2022

The leaders of Albania, Serbia and North Macedonia have criticized the slow progress on their EU membership bids — largely because Bulgaria is blocking them.

Western Balkan and EU leaders walk for a family picture during a summit in Brussels
Western Balkan and EU leaders were meeting in Brussels Image: Nicolas Maeterlinck/BELGA/dpa/picture alliance

Western Balkan and European Union leaders met on Thursday for talks on EU enlargement. 

A draft of the summit statement showed that EU leaders would again give "full and unequivocal commitment to the EU membership perspective of the Western Balkans."


The leaders of Albania and Serbia attended the summit after they had briefly considered not going amid disappointment over the lack of progress on milestones to becoming EU members

"We will keep going and working even harder to make Albania a nice EU member," Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama wrote on Twitter after the meeting in Brussels.

Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic wrote on Twitter after the talks that his country would "fight" for an EU future for Serbia. 

Speaking to reporters after the summit, North Macedonia Prime Minister Dimitar Kovacevski, said: "The Russian aggression on Ukraine is a threat to all countries in the region, and, in this context, European Union enlargement to the Western Balkan should be seen as a a necessity but also an investment in the security of the European Union."  

Germany's Scholz: Western Balkan states 'worked so hard'

Bulgarian block

EU member state Bulgaria has been blocking the start of the accession talks with North Macedonia and Albania, angering the two West Balkan states. 

Albanian Prime Minister Rama slammed what he called Bulgaria's "kidnapping" of the applications and "destroying" the spirit of Europe. 

Bulgaria has demanded that issues of "common history," language and identity be discussed with North Macedonia as a precondition for the accession talks, which North Macedonia's president, Stevo Pendarovski, said was "unacceptable." 

"It is unacceptable that historical issues and language disputes are included in the negotiating framework with the EU," Pendarovski told Skopje-based TV24 Casa earlier this week. 

It is also an issue for Albania because the European Union treats the countries' accession as a package. 

Political crisis in Bulgaria overshadows Balkan hopes 

Bulgarian lawmakers on Wednesday voted no-confidence in the coalition government of Prime Minister Kiril Petkov. The political crisis tarnished the hopes of Balkan countries that they would reach a resolution. 

Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte said there might be a chance that the Bulgarian parliament could reconvene and support lifting the veto on North Macedonia.

"Nothing is ever easy on the Balkans. But I think there is a 50-60% chance you might see a breakthrough next week," he said.

What is the status of Western Balkans' EU membership bids?

The European Union got its start in 1951 as a bloc of six countries known as the European Coal and Steel Community, but has expanded over the years. It now has 27 member states. 

Western Balkan countries, including Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Montenegro, are at different stages of the application process for joining the EU.

A graphic showing the Western Balkan nations and information about their EU membership bids

Accession negotiations with the European Union for Montenegro and Serbia are underway, while negotiations with North Macedonia and Albania have been pending since 2020. 

Kosovo and Bosnia-Herzegovina have submitted their membership applications, but still haven't started negotiations. 

Separately on Thursday, EU leaders granted candidate status for Ukraine and Moldova, the first step in a long process to become members of the bloc. 

Ukraine's fast-track route to official candidate status is seen as increasing the Western Balkans' feeling of being sidelined.

Albanian Prime Minister Rama said: "Welcome to Ukraine, it's a good thing to give candidate status, but I hope the Ukrainian people will not have much illusions about this."


But some see it as a good sign. 

"From my point of view, it's good for the countries of the Western Balkans because it shows that the geostrategic importance of EU enlargement is still there and that there is movement in the enlargement process," Manuel Sarrazin, Germany's special representative for the Western Balkans, told DW

fb/kb (dpa, Reuters) 

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