Water is life.
Fresh water sustains life on Earth — but it is a finite resource. As fresh water supplies run out, this can risk people's water security, endanger ecosystems and even fuel conflict. Here's a compendium of DW stories around the topic.
In western Kenya, there's water, water everywhere — yet not a drop to drink. Climate change-driven floods have displaced tens of thousands of people, ironically leading to water scarcity. No class or sector is immune, and experts are now scrambling in search of a solution.
The Ebro Delta in Spain is known as a major rice-growing region. But rising sea levels are increasing water salinity, while freshwater that feeds the delta is drying up. Both scenarios pose big problems for the future of rice in the region, with agricultural scientists in a race against time to find adaptive rice varieties.
A Canadian company has gotten permission to drill for oil and gas in Namibia’s Kavango Basin — an important ecosystem that shelters the country’s largest elephant population and feeds water into the world-famous Okavango Delta in neighboring Botswana. Although Namibia says this drilling is mere exploration, environmentalists fear oil development there will harm local communities and wildlife.
We take a deep dive into rivers and look at how mega-dams affect ecosystems. We'll also find out why the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is creating tensions in the Nile Basin, and visit farmers struggling with water shortages in Tunisia. Plus, the activists fighting to stop small dams being built on Montenegro's free-flowing rivers.
Tunisia's Kairouan region is the hottest in the country. The landscape is arid, and rain is getting ever scarcer due to climate change. Farmers there worry they may soon be unable to irrigate their crops. But recent efforts to improve water management could help.
Dam projects often have huge impacts on river ecosystems — they block sediments from traveling downstream, harm fish and worsen water quality. Emilio Moran, a geography professor in the US, speaks to DW about how big dams affect biodiversity and local communities, and whether there are any better alternatives.
Ethiopia began building a massive dam, known as GERD, on the Blue Nile in 2011 to generate hydroelectric power and tackle its energy shortage. As the project nears completion, downstream countries Egypt and Sudan fear the dam will threaten their water supply — and that's causing rising tensions in the region.