More than 50,000 people have been arrested and 150,000 people suspended from employment under the emergency orders, prompting concern over the rule of law and democracy in the strategic NATO member.
The purges also raise concerns that the bureaucracy and military will be further stacked with Erdogan loyalists, sending the country down the path of one party and one man rule with few checks and balances.
Highlighting those worries, ten human rights activists, including Amnesty International Turkey director Idil Eser, were in court on Monday to face terrorism related charges.
The targeting of human rights defenders and similar earlier crackdowns on lawyers and associations raises the question of who will be left to defend the tens of thousands of people caught up in the post-coup purge.
Marking the one year anniversary of the coup over the weekend, Erdogan suggested coup plotters should be brought before courts wearing Guantanamo style prison outfits after one defendant showed up to court wearing a "hero" t-shirt.
Anniversary celebrations came a week after the leader of the main opposition, Kemal Kilicdaroglu, ended a nearly 450-kilometer (280-mile) "March for Justice" from Ankara to Istanbul by holding a rally attended by more than a million people calling for an end to emergency rule and injustice.