The Republic of Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus. It borders both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras
Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Since then, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, and economic crisis. This led to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 70s. Today, Nicaragua is a representative democratic republic.
Fifty years after the first moon landing, we'll hear how images of the historic feat were beamed to millions around the world thanks to a radio telescope in the Australian countryside. We'll also mark the 75th anniversary of Operation Valkyrie — the failed plot by Count von Stauffenberg to assassinate Adolf Hitler.
Hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguans took to the streets last year to protest against a controversial pension reform. At least 325 people died in the security crackdown that followed. One of them was 15-year-old student Alvarito Conrado. More than a year on, his father says he's is still waiting for justice.
The UN's Food and Agriculture Organization estimates the Dry Corridor is experiencing one of the worst droughts in the last ten years, with over 3.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. In Nicaragua, farmers are now learning to adapt to the ever harsher climate conditions by monitoring rainfall. Lise Josefsen Hermann went to explore. Her report is presented by Samantha Baker.
More than 300 people have been killed since protests against the government of Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega broke out almost a year ago. Hundreds of activists have been locked up, and thousands have fled the country. As Maria Bakkalapulo reports from Miami, many of them are continuing to campaign for political change from afar.