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Libya urges foreign fighters to leave

March 25, 2021

After talks with three EU foreign ministers, the new government said it wants all foreign mercenaries to leave the country. The war-torn nation has been wracked by instability since Muammar Gaddafi's ouster in 2011.

Libyan Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh says foreign fighters are 'a stab in our back'
Libyan Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh says foreign fighters are 'a stab in our back'Image: Libyan Government of National Accord/AA/picture alliance

Libya on Thursday called for the "immediate" withdrawal of all foreign fighters during talks with EU foreign ministers in Tripoli.

The top diplomats were there to shore up support for the war-torn country's newly formed unity government.

The visit by French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, Germany's Heiko Maas and Italy's Luigi Di Maio comes 10 days after the formation of the administration to lead Libya to a fresh vote on December 24.

Heiko Maas near the plane that brought him and a pair of other European foreign ministers to Libya
The European ministers expressed their support for Libya's new governmentImage: picture-alliance/dpa

Foreign fighters told to leave

"We demand that all mercenaries leave the Libyan lands immediately," Minister of Foreign Affairs Najla al Mangoush told his counterparts from France, Germany and Italy.

French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian echoed her call.

"The departure of the mercenaries is essential for the Libyan state to assert its sovereignty," he said.

"We cannot look away from the consequences that the Libyan crisis may have in Europe in terms of security, terrorism and migration," he added.

Jean-Yves Le Drian, French foreign minister
France backed the call for foreign fighters to leaveImage: AFP/Getty Images

According to the United Nations, there are as many as 20,000 foreign fighters operating in Libya currently. Abdul Hamid Dbeibah, the interim prime minister, has called their presence  "a stab in our back."

French diplomatic sources quoted by the AFP news agency said one Syrian militia, allegedly close to the Turkish government, had started to pull out.

Maas hails new government

In a statement ahead of the meeting, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas hailed the agreement to establish a unity government in Libya but warned that much more needed to be done.


"We are determined to stand by the government of national unity," said Maas. "We started reaping the fruits of the Berlin Conference and the efforts of the Libyans in coordination.

"Developments in Libya are one of the few glimmers of hope in foreign affairs over the past year. Where there was war a year ago, the weapons have fallen silent," the German foreign minister said.

What has been happening in Libya?

The oil-rich country in recent years has been split between rival east- and west-based administrations, each backed by armed groups and foreign governments. 

In April 2019, east-based commander Khalifa Hifter launched a military offensive to wrestle the capital, Tripoli, from a UN-supported government. 

Hifter’s 14-month-long military campaign failed eventually after Turkey had thrown its full military backing behind his rivals forcing his troops to retreat eastwards.

He has not officially taken part in the political negotiations.

Warring parties in Libya agree to ceasefire: Guido Steinberg (SWP) speaks to DW

Libya's population of seven million faces a dire economic crisis with soaring unemployment, crippling inflation and endemic corruption.

Thursday's visit comes after French President Emmanuel Macron said Paris will reopen its embassy in the Libyan capital next week.

Other countries including Egypt and Malta have also announced their intention to reopen embassies in Tripoli.

jf/sms (AP, AFP)