Hasan is being sponsored by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation and is currently doing an internship at the Deutsche Welle. She speaks to DW’s Martina Bertram about her future plans.
DW: Pakistan is an Islamic republic. How difficult is it to write about religious themes?
Ayesha Hasan: It is very difficult. One can actually write about all possible issues, lifestyle, celebrities and health. But religion in Pakistan affects all social spheres. If you report on issues like violence against a woman, many groups will try and defame the woman, who is not a victim for them, but actually the criminal because her clothes or her behavior are against religious norms. The same is also true for women who are abused by their husbands.
Religious groups usually do not consider writing about such issues as a violation of Islamic law, but the journalist doing so definitely comes under scrutiny because there is a suspicion that he or she does not accept Islamic law completely. These groups believe that Islamic law is on their side, but Islam is not a religion of violence. There are some groups of people, who do wrong things in the name of religion.
Have you or the newspaper you work for ever faced dangerous situations?
A short while ago we published a few blogs on our website about sexual orientations and homosexuality. Many groups called for the website to be boycotted and started an internet campaign against the newspaper and the publishing company.
They accused us of being against our religion. It is very easy to sway public opinion in Pakistan either in favor of or against an issue. This can be dangerous for a newspaper, a publishing house and also for individuals and journalists. The people in Pakistan also love to exaggerate news.
You belong to the northwest Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which is particularly unstable politically. How difficult is news coverage when it comes to politics?
Politics is also a difficult subject, especially when one researches and deals with powerful people. For small issues, one could lose one’s job and for big issues one could be killed. Saleem Shahzad, who wrote about the Pakistani intelligence agency’s possible involvement in the Karachi naval base attacks following the killing of Osama bin Laden on May 2 in Abbotabad was killed soon after on May 22. One gets the impression that the government is not seriously interested in clarifying the murder and wants to portray journalism in a bad light. Journalism is not a business, it is a responsibility.
How can a free media promote peace in Pakistan?
Media for me is the most important actor in working towards a peaceful society. Media organizations are communicators; they transport images of people and communities. They can bring about peace within Pakistan as well as with its neighbors. That is why we should also report more about mutual interest with other countries, rather than exaggerating conflict.
Journalism can remove the aggressiveness from politics by using facts and by reporting accurately. In Pakistan unfortunately there is a lot of sensational journalism, bad journalism, which creates news instead of communicating information neutrally. This should stop.
What challenges have you faced as a journalist?
In the future I want to write more about hard themes, about politics and women’s issues. In the province where I live, women are not aware of their rights, many are illiterate. Some of them have access to the media only when they go to clean the rooms of male members of their families. The men usually keep television sets in their rooms. I feel my responsibilities are three-fold: as a journalist, as a Pakistani and as a Pashtun. Good journalism promotes positive changes in society and forces politicians to reflect upon a social problem. Women journalists are not taken seriously in Pakistan. Most employers assign them soft beats like culture and lifestyle, fashion and society. This concept needs to change if more and more women are to become serious journalists.
Interview: Martina Bertram / mg
Editor: Grahame Lucas