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Iran's presidential election sees low turnout

June 18, 2021

After his rivals were banned from the race, hard-liner Ebrahim Raisi was expected to win as apathy and calls for a boycott seemed to fuel the low turnout.

Ebrahim Raisi casts his vote at a polling station in Tehran.
Ebrahim Raisi cast his vote at a polling station in Tehran Image: Ebrahim Noroozi/AP Photo/picture alliance

Iranians on Friday voted in a presidential election dominated by a hard-line judge, who is already sanctioned by the United States, after nearly all of his strongest challengers were disqualified.

Ultraconservative cleric Ebrahim Raisi, a protege of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, was poised to coast to victory amid opposition calls for a boycott and low turnout.

Iranian opposition groups abroad and some dissidents at home had called for a boycott of the vote they see as an engineered victory for Raisi. However, the establishment's religiously devout core supporters were expected to vote for Raisi.

Turnout appeared far lower than in Iran's last presidential election in 2017, when over 70% of eligible voters cast their vote. 

State television showed long queues at polling stations in several cities. But semi-official news agency Fars reported that 37% had cast their ballots after over 12 hours into voting.

Over 59 million Iranians can vote at home and abroad. Initial results of the vote are expected Saturday with an official tally following on Sunday.

Who are the other candidates?

Initially, 12 candidates were running, but authorities rejected five. By Wednesday, three of the remaining seven had dropped out of the race.

Opinion polls conducted by state-affiliated organizations and analysts predicted that Raisi, 60, was the front-runner among the four candidates.

The race's moderate candidate is former Central Bank chief Abdolnasser Hemmati. He was the only reformist left in the race by election day. Hemmati's modest support has been shadowed by public anger over Iran's economic situation in recent years. Pre-election polls gave him only single-digit support.

Ghazizadeh Hashemi, 50, is a member of the parliament's board of chairmen, which manages the legislature's affairs. He has served as a parliament member since 2007.

Analysts consider Hashemi to be a low-profile conservative politician.

Mohsen Rezaei, 66, has been a hard-line candidate in several elections. The former leader of Iran's paramilitary Revolutionary Guard is wanted by Argentina on an Interpol "Red Notice" for alleged involvement in the 1994 bombing of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires that killed 85 people.

Reformists banned from fielding candidates

What if Raisi wins?

If elected, Raisi would be the first serving Iranian president sanctioned by the United States even before entering office.

Washington had imposed sanctions on him over his involvement in the mass execution of political prisoners in 1988.

His win would also give more power to Iranian hard-liners amid ongoing talks in Vienna to revive the Iran nuclear deal.

Tensions with the US and Israel are also expected to remain high.

If Raisi wins, he is also expected to serve two 4-year terms, which might therefore put him at the helm of what could become one of the most crucial moments for Iran in decades — the death of the 82-year-old Khamenei.

Raisi could prove a contender for the supreme leader position, along with Khamenei's son, Mojtaba.

fb/msh (AFP, AP, Reuters)