The ICC is a permanent international tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes. It is intended to complement existing national judicial systems
The ICC may only exercise its jurisdiction when national courts are unwilling or unable to investigate or prosecute such crimes. More than 120 states are parties to the Statute of the Court. Around 30 countries, including Russia, have signed but not ratified the treaty. Israel, Sudan and the United States have opted not to sign. The Court has established itself in The Hague, Netherlands, but its proceedings may take place anywhere. Recent DW content on ICC cases - past, present, and perhaps future - can be found below on this page.
The International Criminal Court has acquitted the ex-vice president of the Democratic Republic of Congo Jean-Pierre Bemba. He was sentenced to 18 years in 2016 for atrocities committed in the Central African Republic.
The move comes amid increased tensions with Israel in the aftermath of the US Embassy move to Jerusalem and the recent bloodshed in Gaza. Israel has questioned the legal validity of the Palestinian request to the ICC.
After his decision to quit the International Criminal Court, Philippine leader Duterte has called upon other nations to follow suit. The ICC announced last month it was launching a probe into Duterte's brutal drug war.
The Hague-based ICC has launched an initial probe to investigate claims of crimes against humanity as part of the Philippines' deadly war on drugs. President Duterte "will argue his case personally," a spokesman said.