US-based Turkish preacher Fethullah Gulen heads the Gulen movement, a globally active religious movement. It is not a centralized or formal organization, but a set of networks inspired by Gulen.
Originally an ally of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's AKP party against the military and the secular elite, disagreements between Gulen and the AKP emerged in 2012. The group is classified as a terrorist organization by Turkey, but it says it works in education and humanitarian issues. Erdogan and his government have repeatedly blamed Gulen for being behind the 2016 failed coup. This page collates DW content on the movement and its founder.
More than 18,000 police officers, soldiers and academics have been fired in Turkey the day before a powerful executive presidency comes into force. Rights groups have called on Turkey to end such repressive measures.
Turkish authorities say that thousands of people may have unwittingly been redirected to a messaging app that Turkey associates with last year's alleged coup plotters. Some 1,000 people could be released imminently.