1. Skip to content
  2. Skip to main menu
  3. Skip to more DW sites

Germany: Some COVID rules eased, but 'Freedom Day' delayed

March 20, 2022

Germany's parliament voted to loosen restrictions in public places across the country. But little is expected to change right away, as several states have extended their measures until next month.

Passengers gather at Bremen's main rail station
Germans will have to wait until April 2 for Freedom Day but some nationwide COVID curbs have been liftedImage: Hauke-Christian Dittrich/dpa/picture alliance

Despite record-high COVID-19 infection rates, nationwide restrictions such as mask-wearing and vaccination requirements that were put in place to fight the pandemic in Germany, were lifted on Sunday.

The move follows Parliamentary approval last week to treat the virus as endemic.

But several German states are keeping most of their rules in place for a further two weeks, as the so-called Freedom Day remains elusive.

What are the rule changes?

  • Masks are no longer required on airplanes and inter-city public transport but are still mandatory on local transport services.
  • The so-called 3G rule of being vaccinated, recovered or tested is also no longer needed for long-distance rail travel.
  • Mask wearing and compulsory tests can be ordered in hospitals, care facilities and doctors' clinics.
  • The legal obligation to meet the 3G rule at workplaces is also lifted. Companies can set their own rules, dependent on infection rates.
  • The 16 German states are free to keep basic measures in place and introduce additional curbs where large infection clusters emerge.
  • What's behind vaccine skepticism in Germany?

What about the transition period?

German states have agreed a two-week period to remove most of their rules, including compulsory indoor mask wearing.

Bavaria said it will keep mask requirements in place until April 2, as well as earlier rules that limit access to nightclubs, cultural and sporting events, restaurants and cafes.

Most of the other states, including the most populous state of North Rhine-Westphalia, said they'll also keep the mask requirement, among other basic measures, until next month.

Berlin and Saarland said they'll keep their current measures in place until March 31.

Berlin’s nightlife itching to restart the party

Why was the easing of curbs delayed?

Despite the lower and upper houses of the Federal Parliament approving the easing of curbs on Friday, German state leaders have criticized the move as happening too soon.

On Sunday, Germany reported 131,792 new virus infections, according to the Robert Koch Institute for infectious diseases.

The 7-day incidence rate across the country is 1,708.7, up from 1,526.8 a week ago, and 1,346.3 a month ago.

The federal government's defense of its decision is not enough for Bavaria's Health Minister Klaus Holetschek, who on Sunday warned that a move to end restrictions was irresponsible.

"Instead of a day of freedom, a day of irrationality is looming," he told Bild am Sonntag newspaper.

The chairman of the German Federation of Trade Unions (DGB) Reiner Hoffmann called for the federal government to reconsider.

"We have record case numbers, and in the fall the situation may once again worsen," he told the newspapers of the Funke Mediengruppe. "We must not risk the workplace becoming a hotbed of infection again."

Heinz-Peter Meidinger, president of the German Teachers' Association, warned that without the mask mandate, schools would become transmission hotspots.

"I hope that all of this doesn't fall at our feet anytime soon," he told the Redaktionsnetzwerk Germany (RND).

mm/jcg (DPA, Reuters)

Germany in coronavirus turmoil