Germany online authority puts ß into Internet addresses | Science | In-depth reporting on science and technology | DW | 27.10.2010

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Germany online authority puts ß into Internet addresses

Typing Internet addresses is about to get a little easier for those who have mastered German grammar rules. The country's Internet authority has allowed the use of the eszett or "ß" in online addresses.

Domains with the esszett will soon be available to all

Domains with the esszett will soon be available to all

The administrator for all .de domain names, DENIC, announced Tuesday that it would begin supporting the German letter "ß," also known as an "eszett" and pronounced as an "ss," in domain names.

Owners of .de domains with an 'ss' can register for a similar one with an 'ß.' After November 16, all ß domains will be open for registration.

Over the last several years, officials and network engineers have been finalizing a system to support internationalized domain names (IDN), which would allow for domains to be registered in non-Latin alphabets, including Arabic, Chinese and Georgian.

In May, the International Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the California non-profit organization in charge of the World Wide Web's domain name system, allowed registration of domains using Arabic and Russian characters.

Anyone will be able to register a domain with an ß starting on November 16, 2010

Anyone will be able to register a domain with an ß starting on November 16, 2010

In a statement posted to its website, DENIC said registering domains with the "ß" will initially not be possible, as domain holders who already have "ss"-containing .de domains "will have the opportunity to additionally register the corresponding ß-domain in their name."

DENIC has supported registering domains with the umlaut (ü, ä, ö) since 2004, but not the eszett, according to spokeswoman Stephanie Welters.

"[The eszett is] interesting for many people who have this character in their names, or companies, or towns," she said. "Their true brand is with the eszett, and it is still something that is widespread in German-speaking countries." or straß

Currently, most Internet browsers convert an "ß" in a domain automatically into an "ss." However, DENIC also wrote in a statement that domains with an "ss" and "ß" will be treated as two separate domains making "straß" and "" two separate Internet addresses.

"With the recently completed revision of the IDN standard, the competent standardization body decided that this should not be backwards compatible to the previous standard," DENIC wrote in its statement. "Thus, 'ß' will no longer be mapped to 'ss'. Instead, the eszett (ß) was introduced as a separate character."

Currently, there are nearly 40 million registered .de domain names. DENIC officials said they anticipate a mad dash to register desirable domain names containing an eszett.

"At the moment, the holder of will be entitled to registered the fuß domain," Welters added. "If they don't, it will be first come, first serve. There might be a certain rush onto these domains."

Author: Cyrus Farivar

Editor: Sean Sinico

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