The Internet is a global system of autonomous computer networks. It allows the use of Internet services such as the World Wide Web (WWW), E-Mail or FTP.
Technically standardized Internet protocols form the basis for the network communication. Precursor of the Internet is the computer network ARPANET developed in 1968 by the US Department of Defense. The aim was to link military and academic institutions within the United States. The first network consisted of just four computers from various universities which could transmit data to each other. Today almost half of the world's population uses the Internet. The distribution of the Internet contributed to a revolutionary change in all areas of life.
China has been building the Silk Road for five years. More than 100 projects have been completed as part of its Belt and Road Initiative. Apart from major transportation infrastructure projects, cables for faster internet have also been laid out. German companies also want to benefit from the initiative.
This week on the program we look at how lives can be improved across the world. In a remote village of Kyrgistan, we find out how the internet offers new opportunities. We learn how the UN is supporting change for the millions of migrants and displaced people in Somalia. And we meet girls in a Cairo slum, who are learning to become more self assured.
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked mountainous country with only a few sizeable cities. More than half of the population lives in rural areas with limited access to modern technologies such as the Internet. As a result, less than 40 percent of people there use the internet. Now a group of entrepreneurs has begun to change that by introducing WiFi connections to remote villages.