Euthanasia and art history: German entry ′Never Look Away′ nominated for 2 Oscars | Film | DW | 23.01.2019
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Euthanasia and art history: German entry 'Never Look Away' nominated for 2 Oscars

Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck's latest work, Never Look Away, has been nominated for best foreign film and best cinematography Oscars. Here's more on the film that's also a tribute to German artist Gerhard Richter.

Florian Von Donnersmarck, who was revealed to the world 10 years ago with his Academy Award-winning feature debut, the Stasi drama The Lives of Others, is now up for two potential Oscars — best foreign-language film and best cinematography — the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences revealed on Tuesday. 

Germany's history through an artist's story

According to von Donnersmarck, Never Look Away, which premiered at the 2018 Venice Film Festival, is not a film à clef, "in which I only changed the names of the characters to be polite," the director told DW. Yet the film is definitely inspired by key moments in the life of German star painter Gerhard Richter, using the artist's story to explore fascism and the emergence of new art in the 1960s.

The artist depicted in the three-hour film is called Kurt Barnert. Growing up in Dresden during World War II, he is introduced to the arts by his aunt who brings him for instance to the "Degenerate Art" exhibition organized by the Nazis. The aunt, who is mentally unstable, is later murdered by the Nazis as part of their euthanasia program.

A great love story

Cut to years later: The young Kurt Barnert is meanwhile an art student in the GDR. He can't adhere to the naive ideals of East Germany's socialist art. He finds consolation in the company of the young Ellie. While he's falling in love with her, he doesn't realize that her father was responsible for the death of his beloved aunt under the Nazis and has meanwhile become a doctor for the Socialist Unity Party of Germany.

Film still Never Look Away (picture alliance/dpa/Buena Vista Int/Pergamon Film/Wiedemann & Berg Film)

The artist Kurt Barnert (Tom Schilling) and his girlfriend Ellie (Paula Beer)

Later Kurt and Ellie flee to the West, where he pursues his studies at the Düsseldorf Arts Academy. A key scene shows how Professor Antonius van Verten inspires him to break free from established aesthetic conventions.

Kurt Barnert starts dealing with his personal experiences, as well as his aunt's tragic fate, through his art. Not coincidentally, the paintings he creates are strongly reminiscent of Gerhard Richter's work, formally and in their content.

Revisiting Gerhard Richter's early years

In 1964, Richter celebrated his first solo exhibition under the title "Gerhard Richter. Photo images, Portraits and Families." From then on his career kept going uphill. Richter is now one of the world's most important and the most expensive living artist.

Richter's beginnings up until his artistic breakthrough are therefore portrayed in Never Look Away through Kurt Barnert's 188-minute story.

Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck explained that he decided on a fictionalized version of the artist's story as he wanted to feel free in the depiction of the characters; he didn't want to make it a documentary. Three hours of great cinema, German history in several stages, many well-known actors, dramatic music and directing — no one could possibly mistake Never Look Away for a documentary.

Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck (picture alliance/dpa/M. Balk)

Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck

Still the parallels between the fictional character and Richter's life are obvious. Further characters reflect real life. For example, the Düsseldorf art professor Antonius van Verten is none other than Joseph Beuys.

Donnersmarck's portrayal of German art

The historical drama Never Look Away deals with Nazi crimes, East German art doctrines and the political organization of the GDR, while exploring the emergence of new art in West Germany, notably through Beuys and abstract artists.

"I believe that every great artwork is material proof that it is possible to transform a dream into something positive," said the director, reflecting on something Gerhard Richter once said when he was asked to discuss the power of art. The artist reacted by saying that the word "power" was wrong; for him, art wasn't a power — it was rather there as a form of consolation.

Film still Never Look Away (picture-alliance/dpa/Disney)

Barnert experiments with different art styles, such as here with Action Painting

A jam-packed studio production

Von Donnersmarck has directed an epic work on German history, but the film also has its weaknesses. Certain sequences, such as the scenes at the Düsseldorf Arts Academy, could come straight out of a textbook, overzealously attempting to cover all aspects of the debates in the art world at the time. While the film has a lot to tell over three hours, it feels too crammed for its own good.

Another disturbing aspect is the "clean" art direction of many scenes that has come to characterize many historical German films and TV movies. Instead of transmitting authenticity, the film's studio production is in the foreground.

That's unfortunate, since Never Look Back nevertheless features outstanding and touching scenes. The first part's story of the young Kurt Barnert and his aunt would have deserved its own film.

The young man's second meeting with the former Nazi doctor, who become Kurt's own stepfather, is an emotional and gripping scene.

The actors are fantastic. Tom Schilling in the lead role offers a particularly convincing performance, combining sensitivity, quiet anger and melancholy.

"Never Look Back is a great film about Germany — and beyond Germany for the world," said Jan Mojto, co-producer of the work.

While the Oscar nomination is obviously a good way to bring the film out to the world, it faces tough competition — works that have already picked up the world film festivals' top nods: Poland's Cold War by Pawel Pawlikowski, winner of the top European Film Award; the Palme d'Or-winning Japanese film Shoplifters by Hirokazu Kore-eda; Cannes' Jury Prize winner Capernaum by Lebanese filmmaker Nadine Labaki; and finally, Roma by Mexican director Alfonso Cuaron, the Netflix production that won the Golden Lion in Venice and that everyone is talking about.

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