Romania had hoped that the monitoring would end last year. The European Union had put the monitoring in place in 2007, when the country joined, to ensure that the new member would meet EU standards. Romania considers the monitoring program to be a stigma that, along with the country's exclusion from Europe's passport-free Schengen zone, makes it a second-class EU member.
To fall in line with EU expectations, Prime Minister Victor Ponta has committed to a list of 11 "points of concern" issued by European Commission head Jose Manuel Barroso last week. Romania's progress will be checked in a report to be issued by the end of the year.
"A well functioning, independent judicial system, and respect for democratic institutions are indispensable for mutual trust within the European Union," the current draft European Commission report on Romania reads. "The Commission considers that recent steps by the Romanian government raise serious concerns about the respect of these fundamental principles."
A wild couple of months
Romania's current instability began when Ponta's government took office on May 7. Since then, the government has threatened to replace Constitutional Court judges, ignored a court decision and passed an emergency decree to override a minimum-turnout requirement for a referendum to impeach President Traian Basescu.
Bowing to EU pressure, Ponta has agreed to reinstate the turnout threshold. However, Romania's parliament, dominated by Ponta's Social Liberal Union, plans to debate the referendum this week and could decide to remove the turnout requirement again, setting up another row with the Constitutional Court and the EU.
Ponta's campaign against Basescu has resulted in uncertainty and policy paralysis that have rattled markets and raised concerns over a 5-billion-euro ($6.1 billion) International Monetary Fund-led aid deal. The leu remains close to an all time low and is hurting the two-thirds of borrowers who have loans in foreign currencies.
Basescu says the rush to oust him was triggered by government politicians' fears of ongoing corruption investigations. Anti-graft prosecutors had scored a string of high-profile convictions, including that of Adrian Nastase, a former prime minister and mentor to Ponta.
In its report, the European Commission praised the conviction of Nastase, stating that it provides "a demonstration that the High Court is beginning to deliver decisions even against the highest ranking and politically influential defendants."
mkg/mz (dpa, AFP, Reuters, AP)