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UN climate conference opens

Sarah Bomkapre Kamara (dpa, Reuters, AFP)November 26, 2012

Africa is reeling from climate change. Floods, drought, famine, food shortages are buffeting the vulnerable continent, which lacks the resources to protect itself. A UN climate conference has just opened in Qatar.

###ACHTUNG! NUR ZUR MIT DEM COPYRIGHTINHABER ABGESPROCHENEN BERICHTERSTATTUNG VERWENDEN### Resource ID 71175 Access Open Region West Africa Country Niger SCO 1.1 Food & Income Security Area of Work Disaster Risk Reduction Campaign Climate Change, GROW Humanitarian Crisis Drought, Food Crisis Classification Humanitarian Date 08 March 12 Credit Fatoumata DIABATE Copyright Fatoumata Diabate Caption Workers on the cash for work scheme. Programme Information Cash for work programme in the village of Gobro, Departement of Tibiri, region of Dosso, 1000 km east from Niamey The project is run in partnership with World Food Programme and Oxfam's partner NGO Mooriben. In exchange for cash (1000 XOF per day), beneficiaries are investing in the recuperation of land for agriculture. Schemes providing cash in exchange for work on community projects are one way Oxfam and partners keep food accessible for the most vulnerable while helping to protect markets. Oxfam invests in 'cash-for-work' projects and other cash initiatives, so that people have access to food on markets and markets are not distorted by food aid. In Niger, even in time of food shortage, the issue is more often related to access to food because of deep poverty and lack of financial resources or high prices, rather than to the unavailability of food on the market. In response to the current crisis, Oxfam and its partners are planning to help 450,000 people with vital aid such as food, cash, support to livestock, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion campaigns. In total, more than million people are facing a severe risk of food crisis in Niger. Specifically, in response to the influx of 30,000+ people from Mali, Oxfam and its partners are working to respond to the needs of refugees and host communities in the following sectors: food security, water, hygiene and sanitation, education and protection against gender-based violence. --------- Oxfam-Einverständniserklärung zugeliefert von Anne Le Touzé
Image: Fatoumata Diabate/Oxfam

Climate change is already hitting the continent hard. Floods in Nigeria, famine and drought in the Sahel, the shrinking of Lake Turkana are all just a preamble of what is to come if the continent does not act fast. As the two week UN climate conference gets underway in Doha, Qatar, the African UN regional group at these talks is hoping for a "second commitment" and funds that will help their countries adapt to climate change and its effects.

Organizers are seen on stage at the opening ceremony of the 18th United Nations climate change conference in Doha, Qatar, Monday, Nov. 26, 2012. (Foto:Osama Faisal/AP/dapd)
Africa is hoping for an extension of the Kyoto Protocol at the Doha conferenceImage: AP

Extending Kyoto

"African countries are looking forward to a commitment period that doesn't carry over excessive emission rise or hot air," Ruth Mhlanga, youth and solutions coordinator, Greenpeace Africa told DW's Africalink show.

This commitment is an extention of the Kyoto protocol of 1997 which binds developed nations to cut greenhouse gas emissions by an average 5.2 percent below 1990 levels between the years 2008 and 2012. The African UN regional group at the conference says failure to extend Kyoto would leave only national actions, with no legally binding U.N. framework.

"The Kyoto Protocol is going to be very important for us," says Seyni Nafo, spokesman of the group. "And ambition is very low." He adds. Russia, Japan and Canada pulled out in recent years, meaning that Kyoto backers are down to a core led by the European Union and Australia that account for about 14 percent of world emissions.

Rising temperatures

A UN survey warns the world is on target for a rise in temperatures that will cause more floods, drought, heat waves and rising sea levels. Africa should prepare for the worst.

"The average increase in temperature in Africa is likely to be higher than the average increase globally," Micheal Kliene, deputy executive director of IUFRO - The World's Network of Forest Science told DW.

Local residents use calabash gourds as flotation devices as they swim across flooded farmland in Gudinchin village, near Dutse in northern Nigeria, Monday, Sept. 27, 2010. (AP Photo/Sunday Alamba)
Over two million people were affected by flooding in Nigeria in 2010Image: AP

Climate change will have an impact on humans, eco systems and economic activities on the continent. "Climate change is no longer a distant threat" said Mhlanga. The continent was already feeling the effects of climate change. "The disasters that we have seen throughout this year highlights that climate change is something already amongst us, " she added, underlining that Africa was "extremely vulnerable and we need to act now."

Turkana women catch fish, at Loarengak on the shore of lake Turkana in northwestern Kenya. (ddp images/AP Photo/Karel Prinsloo)
Lake Turkana is drying up putting the livelihood of millions of people at risk.Image: dapd

Adapting to climate change

Rich nations have so far delivered nearly $30 billion (23 billion euros) in grants and loans for poor countries to begin cutting emissions and adapting to the effects of global warming. But those commitments made in 2009 expire this year. Fresh committments are needed.

"Commitment to funds for mitigation and adaptation measures is important," said Mhalanga.

Some countries like South Africa have started a renewable energy procurement programme to help combat climate change. The conference might be able to give governments new insights into what they could do next.

South Africa's foreign minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane speaks during a media briefing at the climate change conference taking place in the city of Durban, South Africa, Friday, Dec 9, 2011. (Foto:Schalk van Zuydam/AP/dapd)
With Durban as the conference venue in 2011, some had hoped for greater emphasis on Africa's experience of climate changeImage: dapd

"A faster response to climate change is necessary and possible." said the head of the UN Climate Change secretariat Christiana Figueres.

Last year, the climate change conference was held in Durban South Africa.