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Chad President Idriss Deby dies after 30-year rule

April 20, 2021

Parliament has been dissolved after the president died of injuries sustained in clashes. It comes just a day after Deby won a sixth term in office.

Idriss Deby waves at supporters during a campaign rally
The death of Chad's longtime ruler will likely have huge implications for national and regional security Image: Renaud Masbeye Boybeye/AFP/Getty Images

Chad's President Idriss Deby died while visiting troops on the front lines of a fight against northern rebels, an army spokesman said on Tuesday. Deby's death comes just one day after he was declared the winner of a sixth term in office, marking over 30 years in power. 

On Monday, his campaign said he was headed to the northern part of the country to join troops in fighting "terrorists." Rebels based in Libya had attacked a border post on Monday, and advanced hundreds of kilometers south across the desert, towards the capital N'Djamena. Following the clashes, Chad's army said it had killed 300 rebels and quashed the offensive.

Transition council to take over

Army spokesman Azem Bermendao Agouna announced Deby's death on state television and radio, surrounded by military officers he referred to as the National Council of Transition. 

An 18-month council will be led by Deby's 37-year-old son, Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno, the military said. A nightly curfew of will also be imposed during that time. The military said the country will hold "free and democratic elections" after that 18-month period.

"A call to dialogue and peace is launched to all Chadians in the country and abroad in order to continue to build Chad together," said Agouna. "The National Council of Transition reassures the Chadian people that all measures have been taken to guarantee peace, security and the republican order."

"In the face of this worrying situation, the people of Chad must show their attachment to peace, to stability, and to national cohesion,'' he said.

The general said that Deby had been taken to the capital after being wounded in battle.

Questions over the cause of death

The circumstances of Deby's death could not immediately be independently confirmed due to the remote location of the battlefield. However, some foreign observers have questioned how a head of state could have been killed, saying the death casts doubt on his protective guard.

Deby, 68, began his 30-year rule of the country in 1990, and is one of Africa's longest-serving leaders.

On April 11, Deby won over 79% of the vote. His long rule in the region's harsh political sphere has made him a strong figure in the French-led campaign against jihadist insurgents in the Sahel. 

Last August, the National Assembly named Deby the first field marshal in Chad's history, after he led an offensive against jihadists in the west of the country.

France's 'brave friend' lost in terror war

France on Tuesday reacted to Deby's death saying it had lost a "brave friend" and Chad "a great soldier." 

With experts fearing Deby's death could mean tremendous uncertainty for Chad going forward, the French presidency praised the former president and affirmed its support for Chad's stability and territorial integrity.

In a statement, Paris noted the formation of the interim council but said it hoped there would be a quick and peaceful return to civilian rule.

Both France and the United States are hoping their counter-terrorism efforts will not be pushed off course as Western countries depended heavily on Deby in the fight against Islamist militants such as Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin and groups linked to al-Qaeda and Islamic State in the Sahel.

France, a former colonial power, has based its Sahel counter-terrorism operations in N'Djamena and in February Chad announced the deployment of 1,200 troops to complement 5,100 French soldiers in the area.

Chadien soldiers in a French tank
Chadien soldiers in an ERC 90 Sagaie light armored vehicle given to Chad by France to bolster regional securityImage: Renaud Masbeye Boybeye/AFP/Getty Images

lc/js (Reuters, AFP, AP)