"Apartheid" is an Afrikaans word, translating as "separateness", or "the state of being apart." It refers to the system of institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa between 1948 and 1991.
Starting in 1948 South Africa introduced legislation ordering segregation of public facilities and social events, affecting employment, housing and land apportionment, enforcing black South Africans from other races an d securitng minority rule by white South Africans. It was the target of frequent condemnation in the United Nations, and brought about an extensive arms and trade embargo on South Africa. In 1990, prominent ANC leaders such as Nelson Mandela were released from detention and the system was changed. Here you can find an automatic compilation of all DW content related to apartheid.
Cape Town in South Africa is booming these days. The city which has become a prime tourist destination and business hub in the past decade is changing, growing and expanding — construction sites seem to pop up everywhere. But there is a downside to this massive construction boom: it's forcing more and more people with limited means out of the city center.
This week on World in Progress: How teaching kids how to swim can prevent the silent killer of drowning. A former prison inmate now helps other inmates in Kenya to get an education. A children's dream park in Japan tries to help kids who couldn't cope with school. And: the importance of reading in South Africa and French lessons at Quran schools in Senegal.
Knowledge is power — and so is reading. But many people are illiterate. In South Africa for instance, about seven million young people in the country can't read. Others can't afford to buy books. A book fair in Johannesburg is trying to change that with cheap books and reading classes.
In South Africa, almost 25 years after the end of apartheid, most commercial farmland is still owned by white farmers. The governing ANC party has recently adopted a radical policy of land expropriation without compensation to fast track the country's land reform program. It even wants to change the country's constitution accordingly. Why is this happening now?