In the Romanian Carpathians, illegal logging is on the rise. According to conservationists, three hectares of forest disappear hourly. The illegally-felled timber is sold both abroad and to large domestic lumber companies.
Some of Europe's most important stands of old-growth and primeval forests are under attack from illegal logging. Within the past two months, two forest workers have been murdered.
Almost half of Russia is covered with forests. However, much of the vast country's woodlands, which absorb millions of tons of CO2, are under threat from mismanagement, illegal deforestation and corruption.
An organic smoothie producer and a boutique fashion store are among Western businesses whose supply chains are tainted by illegal deforestation in Bolsonaro's Brazil.
FSC eco-certification was established 25 years ago to stop the deforestation of primeval forests by attesting that products are made from "environmentally-friendly" wood. But does the FSC really prevent deforestation?
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