NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance. Members - including most of western Europe, the United States, Canada and Turkey - agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.
NATO is based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on April 4, 1949, four years after the end of WW II. It has 28 members, West Germany joined in 1955.The organization, which has its headquarters in Brussels, was drawn into the breakup of Yugoslavia, and conducted its first military interventions in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s. DW's content tagged "NATO" appears on this page.
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China's emergence as a global military actor must be part of NATO's discussions on how to reform the alliance, says German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas. And, amid shifting power, NATO will need a more "sovereign Europe."