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Mozambique leaders sign peace pact

August 1, 2019

A long-term peace pledge has been signed by Mozambique's president and the leader of the opposition Renamo party. The deal foresees disarmament and ex-rebels taking part in elections in October.

President Filipe Nyusi and Renamo leader Ossufo Momade
Image: DW/A. Sebastião

President Filipe Nyusi and Renamo leader Ossufo Momade signed the deal Thursday in Gorongosa National Park in a rugged wildlife region used by Renamo for more than 40 years as its base.

The location had "tremendous symbolic value," said Swiss ambassador Mirko Manzoni, who is also a personal envoy of the UN secretary general.

"Gorongosa was where the war started and now it is where it ends," Mozoni said, referring to a war between Renamo and the ruling Frelimo party that claimed a million lives after Mozambique gained independence from Portugal in 1975.

Read more: Restoring Mozambique's Gorongosa National Park

A deal reached in Rome in 1992 was declared void in 2013 by Renamo when government forces raided its bush camp. Fresh talks began in 2016.

United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres speaks during a press conference at the President of Mozambique's Office on July 11, 2019 in Maputo.
The personal envoy of UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres lauded the location of the signing ceremonyImage: Getty Images/AFP/W. de Wet

 "We assure our fellow Mozambicans and the world that from now on violence will not be used as means for political goals," said Momade, who succeeded longtime Renamo leader Afonso Dhlakama after his death in 2018.

'New era,' says Nyusi

Thursday's accord "opens a new era in the history of our country in which no Mozambicans should use weapons to resolve conflicts," said President Nyusi. "We're here to say no to war."

Last Tuesday, Renamo began disarming its more than 5,200 armed members.

Some are to be absorbed into Mozambique's army and police, while others are to be re-integrated into civilian life.

A small splinter group disavowed Momade in recent weeks, saying they would not hand over weapons while he was in charge.

Elections will be 'litmus test' 

Thursday's signing precedes presidential, parliamentary and provincial elections due in October, with Renamo seeking to win a number of provinces. Pope Francis is also expected to visit the country in September.

Creeping and crawling for the sake of Gorongosa

The elections would be the "litmus test" of Mozambique's intended peace process, said analyst Alex Vines of Britain's Chatham House — given violence that overshadowed past elections.

To avoid a repeat, another accord is to be signed in the capital Maputo on August 6, pledging peace during the national elections.

Gorongosa declared 'peace park'

At Thursday's signing, President Nyusi also declared Gorongosa a "peace park."

The area spanning 4,067 square kilometers (1,570 square miles) was devastated by war and poaching. It has since been reinvigorated with help of American philanthropist Greg Carr, who was reportedly inspired by the late former South African President Nelson Mandela.

"We need the park to deliver opportunities and benefits to the demobilized fighters to sustain peace," said Carr.

ipj/amp (AP, AFP, Reuters, dpa)

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