December 13, 1943 is a dark day in the history of Kalavryta. German soldiers shot dead around 700 men and boys in the small town in southern Greece. Survivors of the massacre have been fighting to this day for restitution.
German and Romanian officials are attending a memorial service for the 30,000 people, mostly Ukrainian Jews, murdered on October 22-23, 1941. The massacre has been a long overlooked page of WWII history — until now.
In September 1943, German Wehrmacht troops slaughtered some 5,200 Italian soldiers on the Greek isle. The massacre was a turning point in Greece and Italy's relationship, but the bloody event was downplayed for years.
Greece wants Germany to pay hundreds of billions of euros in WWII reparations. President Frank-Walter Steinmeier apologized for Nazi crimes, but Berlin maintains it has paid enough to Greece.
In September 1944, Nazi soldiers murdered more than 770 people in the Italian village of Marzabotto. Foreign Minister Heiko Maas attended a commemoration to mourn the victims and express shame.
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