Sandor Petofi (1823-1849)
To this day, Sandor Petofi is considered Hungary's national poet par excellence. His "National Song" became the anthem of the revolution of 1848 when the Hungarians rebelled against the ruling Habsburgs. Petofi was killed during one of the last battles of the revolution and became a national martyr. Today, in Hungary, countless streets, schools, squares and bridges are named after him.