Polls were opened in Germany on June 7 and closed on Tuesday at 9 p.m. Turkish voters were able to pre-vote in 60 countries; they can still vote at Turkey's border gates until June 24.
Inside Europe: Turkish in Germany
Turkish citizens living in Germany represent the largest national group of the 3 million registered voters outside Turkey – 5 percent of the overall electorate.
The highest voter turnout was in cities with large Turkish populations, such as Cologne, Düsseldorf and Essen.
The voter turnout level matched that of 2017's constitutional referendum, which saw just 50 percent eligible voters in Germany participate.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who is seeking re-election, generally has support among Turks in Germany, but relations have been strained between Germany and Turkey since a failed coup against Turkish President Erdogan in 2016 and the subsequent crackdown that followed.
"A mood of intimidation has spread among citizens of Turkish origin in Germany in recent years," said Gokay Akbulut, MP for the Left Party. "Many no longer dare to express their political views openly because they fear that this could create problems for relatives in Turkey," he continued.
German MP for the Christian Democrats, Roderich Kiesewetter, said many Turkish voters were concerned about civil rights in the country.
"Many eligible voters have become increasingly critical of the negative effects on the Turkish economy and civil rights that have resulted from Erdogan's restructuring of the country," Kiesewetter said