Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps ("Konzentrationslager") throughout the territories it controlled before and during World War II.
The first Nazi camps were erected in Germany in March 1933 to hold and torture political opponents and union organizers. The role of the camps were expanded to holding so-called "racially undesirable elements" of German society, such as Jews, criminals, homosexuals and Roma. The term "concentration camp" is often used to refer to extermination camps, which were established for the industrial-scale mass murder of Jews in gas chambers. The number of people in Nazi concentration camps peaked at 715,000 in January 1945. This is a collection of DW's content on the concentration camps.
A memorial has opened at one of the largest Nazi concentration camps within the former Soviet Union. German President Steinmeier has described the tribute to the forgotten victims as "invaluable."
A new exhibition at the Bergen-Belsen memorial site records how children lived in the concentration camp — and in some cases survived. The curator told DW about the important testimonies that were collected for the show.
Work has commenced on a Holocaust Museum in Thessaloniki, Greece’s second largest city. For more than 400 years, Thessaloniki had a thriving Jewish population, which shaped its identity and culture. Prior to World War Two, Jews made up a quarter of the city’s population. But during the Holocaust, 97 percent of the community died in Nazi concentration camps. Alexia Kalaitzi reports..
The far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) is set to be excluded from a foundation that oversees the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp memorial. The foundation's director told DW the move was "the lesser of two evils."
Anti-Semitism has been the subject of intense debate recently in Germany. Do mandatory visits to concentration camp memorial sites help curb the problem? DW's Daniel Bellut joined students on a school trip to find out.