Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps ("Konzentrationslager") throughout the territories it controlled before and during World War II.
The first Nazi camps were erected in Germany in March 1933 to hold and torture political opponents and union organizers. The role of the camps were expanded to holding so-called "racially undesirable elements" of German society, such as Jews, criminals, homosexuals and Roma. The term "concentration camp" is often used to refer to extermination camps, which were established for the industrial-scale mass murder of Jews in gas chambers. The number of people in Nazi concentration camps peaked at 715,000 in January 1945. This is a collection of DW's content on the concentration camps.
The 94-year-old defendant testified he thought prisoners' deaths were the result of "miserable conditions" in the camp. Some 65,000 people were killed in the Stutthof concentration camp in Nazi-occupied Poland.
November 9 marked the 80th anniversary of Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass). That's when Nazi mobs set fire to synagogues across Germany, Austria and parts of Czechoslovakia. On November 9, 1938, countless Jewish shops and homes were also destroyed, and at least 30,000 Jewish men were rounded up and taken to concentration camps. Alexa Dvorson and David Levitz sent this Postcard from Berlin.
The deportation of former concentration camp guard Jakiv Palij has sparked discussion about how Germany addresses Nazi crimes. DW spoke to lead "Nazi hunter" Jens Rommel about why prosecuting such cases can be difficult.
4,000 Sinti and Roma were murdered from August 2-3, 1944, in Auschwitz-Birkenau. Ten-year-old Mano Höllenreiner and his family barely escaped death — but not unspeakable horrors. Andrea Grunau reports from Bavaria.
A memorial has opened at one of the largest Nazi concentration camps within the former Soviet Union. German President Steinmeier has described the tribute to the forgotten victims as "invaluable."