Cairo was founded in the 10th century close to where the ancient city of Memphis once stood. Today, it is one of the world's most densely populated cities at 7.8 million inhabitants.
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the gateway to the Nile River delta. Since the latter half the 20th century, urban sprawl and political turmoil have left an imprint on the metropolis. Cairo became a flashpoint of Arab Spring protests in 2011. This is a collection of DW's latest content on Cairo.
Prosecutors in Rome have put five members of Egypt's secret service under investigation for their role in the killing of student Guilio Regeni. The victim, a doctoral student, was abducted, tortured and killed in 2016.
This week on the program we look at how lives can be improved across the world. In a remote village of Kyrgistan, we find out how the internet offers new opportunities. We learn how the UN is supporting change for the millions of migrants and displaced people in Somalia. And we meet girls in a Cairo slum, who are learning to become more self assured.
Life is hard for girls on the outskirts of Cairo. Traditional values are strictly enforced, young women can feel like second-class citizens, it's unsafe on the streets, and poverty shrinks their horizons. Aid organization Plan International is trying to improve the lives of girls growing up in the Ezbat Khairallah slum by building their confidence and helping them challenge social norms.
Egypt is building a new capital from scratch. It's just one of a number of mega projects pursued by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. The new capital is expected to house up to seven million people, along with government offices, embassies and businesses on 700 square kilometers (about 270 square miles). But who can afford to live in this new city?