Cairo was founded in the 10th century close to where the ancient city of Memphis once stood. Today, it is one of the world's most densely populated cities at 7.8 million inhabitants.
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the gateway to the Nile River delta. Since the latter half the 20th century, urban sprawl and political turmoil have left an imprint on the metropolis. Cairo became a flashpoint of Arab Spring protests in 2011. This is a collection of DW's latest content on Cairo.
Egyptian police have raided the Cairo office of a media outlet known to be critical of the government, its news website says. Three staff members including the chief editor were taken for questioning and later released.
Egypt is building a new capital city in the desert, about 50 km away from the old capita. It's designed to relieve congestion in Cairo, with its more than 22 million inhabitants - a number that's expected to double in the coming decades. But the building project has stalled – and critics believe the new capital won't solve the problems Egypt faces.