Businesses in Catalonia worried that the referendum on independence held one year ago, in defiance of Madrid, would plunge the region into economic chaos. In fact, no major crisis ensued.
Pro-separatists in Spain have protested the trial of 12 Catalan leaders with rallies, clashing with police and blocked roads and railways. Several people have already been arrested in the region-wide strike.
The protesters have decried the trial of 12 Catalan separatists, saying "self-determination is not a crime." Prosecutors have accused the separatists of "rising up in a violent and public manner," allegations they deny.
Nine of the 12 Catalan separatist leaders are facing charges of rebellion for their role in a failed independence bid in 2017. Former Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont, who led the campaign, is not among the defendants.
After a defeat on a budget vote, Spain's government is set to hold crisis talks. The government will announce on Friday whether that means early elections.
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