Argentina′s Macri cuts taxes on farm, industrial exports | Business| Economy and finance news from a German perspective | DW | 15.12.2015
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Argentina's Macri cuts taxes on farm, industrial exports

Argentina's new pro-business president Mauricio Macri has announced tax cuts for a number of key export goods in hopes to kickstart Latin America's third largest economy. A devaluation of the peso is also in the cards.

Speaking to farmers in the town of Pergamino on Thursday, Mauricio Macri announced the end of taxes on wheat, corn and sorghum exports and a tax cut on soybean exports, from 35 percent to 30. Then he met with business leaders saying that a five-percent tax on industrial goods for export would also be scrapped.

"Let's not think of things in terms of 'farms versus industry,'" he said, and added: "It's farms and industry, farms and the country. Without farms, the country can't survive."

With the tax cuts, Macri fulfilled key campaign pledges that made him win presidential elections this month, ending more than a decade of left-wing rule over Latin America's third largest economy.

The taxes had been introduced in 2008 under the Peronist government of former president Cristina Kirchner. Protests over the steep rates paralyzed the agriculture sector that year and turned into a crisis for her government. Argentine farmers have been hoarding their crops in hopes of more favorable conditions.

Oversupply fears

Argentina is the world's third-largest producer and exporter of soybeans, after the United States and Brazil, and the largest producer of soy products. The country competes with Ukraine for the title of third-largest corn exporter, and is the seventh-biggest wheat exporter.

Outside Argentina, the tax cuts have stoked fears of a glut of grains and soybeans, at a time of already-low global prices for agricultural commodities. Argentina's farmers have an estimated 17 million tones of soybeans, 20 million tones of corn and 10 million tones of wheat in stock. European grain prices were down after Macri's announcement.

Macri urgently needs farmers to start exporting their hoarded crops, which are a key source of hard currency for the central bank. Agricultural exports are expected to total $25 billion (22.6 billion euros) this year, a third of Argentina's total exports. Macri encouraged farmers to grow even more and ramp up production of processed products.

"We can double Argentina's food production," he said, calling for "more corn, more beef, everything we're capable of."

Boost from lower peso

Argentina's economy is suffering from high inflation and a chronic budget deficit. In addition, it faces warnings of a recession next year.

On Thursday, there was speculation that Argentina's central bank is preparing moves to devaluate the country's currency, the peso, under efforts to help Macri's export drive.

According to media reports, the bank was willing to let the peso slip from currently about 10 peso to the US dollar to a rate of 15 to one. Exporters in both the industrial and agricultural sectors are pressing for a devaluation that would make their goods cheaper in global markets.

uhe/pad (Reuters, AFP)

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