With "Max and Moritz (A Story of Seven Boyish Pranks)," German poet Wilhelm Busch created not only one of the first comic books in the German language over 150 years ago, he also created a classic children's book.
Illustrated books with short texts are handed down from generation to generation in Germany.
This is the case with children books written by James Krüss in the 1950s and 1960s, including the very popular "Henriette Bimmelbahn," which tells the story of a locomotive-hauled train named Henriette.
Many of the German classics, including those written by Krüss and "Max and Moritz," are written in rhyme. That's the case as well for "Die Häschenschule" or "The Gruffalo."
Ali Mitgutsch, renowned for his richly detailed large-format picture books, didn't need any words at all.
This other 1960s classic, "My Donkey Benjamin," is illustrated with black-and-white photography.
The picture gallery above goes through some of the most popular German-language children's book classics.
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The other way around, some books originally written in other languages are cult classics in Germany, including:
- "The Little Polar Bear," by Hans de Beer (Netherlands)
- "Miffy," by Dick Bruna (Netherlands)
- The "Pettson and Findus" books, by Sven Nordqvist (Sweden)
- The "Mama Moo" books, by Jujja and Tomas Wieslander and also illustrated by Sven Nordqvist (Sweden)
- The "Elmer" books, by David McKee (UK)
- "Guess How Much I Love You," by Sam McBratney (Ireland)
- "Frederick" and "Little Blue and Little Yellow," by Leo Lionni (Italy)
- "The Three Robbers," by Tomi Ungerer (France)
- "Where the Wild Things Are," by Maurice Sendak (USA)
- "Good Night, Gorilla," by Peggy Rathmann (USA)
- "The Very Hungry Caterpillar," by Eric Carle (USA)
Which picture books are your favorites? Let us know on Twitter via @dw_culture, tagged with #MeetTheGermans.
Find more content about Germany's culture, traditions and habits on our Meet the Germanspage.
Here are even more children's books classics that you can read in English: