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Escalation in Ukraine

DW staff / AFP (nda)May 26, 2007

Troops loyal to Ukraine's President Viktor Yushchenko tried to enter the capital Kiev Saturday, the interior ministry said, as crisis talks between the feuding president and prime minister were delayed.

President Viktor Yuschenko assumed control of the Interior Ministry forces on FridayImage: AP

The talks between Yushchenko and Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych on their increasingly bitter power struggle were to follow three hours of negotiations late Friday that ended with no sign of progress.

However, the negotiations Saturday had still not begun two hours after the scheduled start time, a spokeswoman for the presidency told reporters.

Tensions rose when the interior ministry, which is generally loyal to Yanukovych, said that interior ministry troops commanded by a Yushchenko ally were headed toward the capital.

Troops stop before reaching capital

Gespannte Ruhe in Kiew
Troops loyal to the president stopped outside KievImage: AP

The deputy head of the ministry, Mykhaylo Kornyvenko, told journalists that 82 vehicles carrying 2,050 soldiers were headed toward Kiev, but that "practically all of them have been stopped in different places." Ukrainian television showed footage of blue interior ministry buses driving in a long column, the day after Yuschenko issued a decree assuming control of the ministry's forces.

According to the interior ministry, the troops were deployed by the commander of the ministry's military branch, Olexander Kikhtenko, who backs Yushchenko and no longer recognizes the authority of pro-Yanukovych Interior Minister Vassyl Tsushko. The commander "acts according to his own logic and his own view," Tsushko was quoted as saying by Interfax news agency.

Tsushko appealed for calm, asking "politicians to be more restrained."

"It's necessary to calm down. There won't be any use of force. We won't storm anything," he said.

Russia, the European Union and the United States have expressed concern over the situation in Ukraine, which is sandwiched between Russia and several EU states including Poland.

Growing feud adding to escalation

Ukraine Präsident Viktor Juschtschenko und Ministerpräsident Viktor Janukowitsch in Kiew
Which Viktor will be victorious?Image: AP

Fears of violence are growing as the feud between Yushchenko and Yanukovych drags on, with both sides competing for loyalty of the security forces.

Tens of thousands of troops serve in the interior ministry's military branch. The ministry also comprises police and paramilitary units and in general has sided with Yanukovych.

Yushchenko's decree assuming control over the ministry's armed forces prompted parliament speaker Oleksandr Moroz, a Yanukovych ally, to accuse the president of a "coup attempt."

A senior security advisor to Yushchenko warned Saturday that Yanukovych's camp could mount "provocations" aimed at "destabilizing the situation in the capital."

On Thursday an elite paramilitary unit from the interior ministry intervened to protect the country's pro-Yanukovych prosecutor general after Yushchenko ordered his dismissal. The elite forces arrived at the Kiev offices where the prosecutor general was holed up and forced out the president's security personnel.

Crisis reopen divisions and old wounds

Ukraine Demonstration in Kiew
Loyalties have once again split the people of UkraineImage: AP

Control over interior ministry forces was also crucial in the Orange Revolution of 2004, when mass street protests helped bring Western-leaning Yushchenko to the presidency, overturning a flawed vote initially granted to Yanukovych.

The latest surge in the long-running political crisis began last month when Yushchenko dissolved parliament, where Yanukovych's pro-Russian allies hold a majority. Yanukovych's supporters refused to go, sparking a constitutional crisis.