In 2012, radical Islamists imposed a reign of terror on Mali's Timbuktu. Now patrolled by UN peacekeepers, the liberated city is gradually returning to normal.
For five years, the organization Savama DCI has been working to digitalize and preserve ancient Islamic texts which fell into the hands of extremists in Timbuktu. After much painstaking effort, they're now 90 percent through with their mission.
German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen has called for greater commitment from the Malian government to ensure peace. So far so good, but that's not enough, says Daniel Pelz.
Meet Ahmed Baba, a Timbuktu medieval scholar credited with writing more than 50 books. He was one of the senior lecturers at the Sankore University which attracted students from all over the Sahel.
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