Diesel cars were long praised as being eco-friendly, now they are considered to be highly polluting. Strict EU limits on NO2 levels could lead to Diesel cars being banned. How dangerous are Diesel emissions really?
Environmental Action Germany (DUH) is behind the wave of diesel driving bans facing German cities. The NGO has taken authorities here to court for exceeding legal levels of nitrogen dioxide emissions. These are much lower in the European Union than they are in the United States, for example. While 100 micrograms of NO2 per cubic meter are permitted in the US, EU rules stipulate that levels should not exceed 40 micrograms. But the relation between road traffic levels and emission levels is not straightforward. Recently, Oldenburg recorded record levels of nitrogen dioxide pollution on a day when the northern city’s downtown was closed to cars and trucks. Experts are also at loggerheads. While environmentalists cite World Health Organization studies, lung specialists like Stuttgart-based hospital consultant Dr. Martin Hetzel have called the diesel debate "pure panic-mongering”. The former head of the German Respiratory Society (DGP), Dr. Dieter Köhler, agrees. He says cigarette smoke and smoke from candles are much more harmful. And the case of Hamburg also shows that driving bans are no quick fix. Two months after the introduction of the diesel ban, NO2 levels in the northern German city had increased rather than dropped. Twelve million German drivers of diesel vehicles are feeling the pinch. The cars being advertised as green just a few years ago are now worth practically nothing.