Many Egyptians were hoping for a new democratic future after going to the polls last year. Mohammed Morsi was sworn in as president one year ago. But critics say his Islamist government has monopolized power and failed to improve the country’s civil infrastructure and human rights record. Egypt is politically divided and faltering economically. And now the military is threatening to intervene.
Opponents of the Muslim Brotherhood are planning to stage huge protests to mark the anniversary of the president’s inauguration. Some of Morsi’s hardline backers have vowed to smash the demonstrations. Defense minister General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has threatened to step in to stop the nation from "entering a dark tunnel”.
President Morsi has also failed to address social and economic problems, such as rampant inflation, and the high rates of unemployment and crime. Critics at home and abroad accuse him of encroaching on the independence of the judiciary and of curbing civil rights. The process of political dialog has practically ground to a halt and the conflict has, instead, been taken to the streets.
Has the democratic experiment in Egypt failed? Is the country on the brink of a military coup?
Tell us what you think: One Year Morsi - Egypt's Thwarted Democracy
Ebtisam Aly Hussein – The Egyptian earned a masters degree in Political Science at the University of Cairo. In 2007 she worked at the Cairo office of Germany's Friedrich-Naumann foundation- a political think tank linked to Germany's Free Democrats. She writes articles for Arabic media outlets on cultural policy and wider issues of society. Currently she is conducting post graduate studies on Muslim Cultures and Societies at Berlin Free University.
Ahmed Badawi – is a researcher and political analyst. He is the Co-Executive Director of Transform, a Berlin-based organisation specialising in conflict resolution and political development. He previously worked for the International Crisis Group, the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Oxford Research Group and Zentrum Moderner Orient. In 1991-1999 he worked in Egypt as a print and TV journalist. He has a Doctorate in Political Science from Humboldt University in Berlin and an MSc in Development Studies from SOAS, University of London.
Jan Kuhlmann – is a freelance journalist specialising in events in the Arab world. After studying History and Islamic Studies in Hamburg Jan Kuhlmann started his journalistic career at the daily Kieler Nachrichten. His work took him to the Middle East where he worked for the dpa news agency in Tel Aviv. He studied Arabic at the American University of Cairo. Back in Germany he became the Berlin Correspondent of the Rheinischen Merkur newspaper. He now works for a variety of newspapers and radio stations.