Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, stage designer, playwright and poet. Best known for his Cubist works, he is considered one of the most influential artists of the 20th century.
Picasso was a child prodigy and learned a lot from his father who taught at an art school. Art experts differentiate between various stages in his artistic development, namely the Blue, Rose, African-Influenced, Cubist and Crystal Periods before the painter turned to classicism and surrealism later on. Among his most famous works are "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon" (1907), and "Guernica" (1973), depicting a scene from the Spanish Civil War.
The only other artists to have been given such Louvre shows during their lifetime were Chagall and Picasso: As the French painter turns 100, he is celebrated through a retrospective at the world's largest art museum.