EU's Christian Roots
Merkel told German news weekly Focus, in talks with German cardinal Karl Lehmann, that she regretted that the current draft constitution for the 27-member European Union did not include a mention of God or Christianity.
"I would have liked to have seen a clearer declaration on the Christian roots (of Europe)," she said.
"No one doubts that they significantly shape our life, our society," the chancellor said.
"I wonder, can we maintain the formative aspects of Christianity for day-to-day politics if the political sphere does not stand by them?"
Merkel vows to revive EU charter
The comments come days after Merkel outlined her plans to jumpstart the stalled bid to establish a first-ever constitution for the EU, whose presidency Germany holds through June.
She has said she would like to maintain as much as possible of the current draft treaty, which has been in the deep freeze since voters in France and the Netherlands rejected it in referendums in 2005. Merkel wants the EU to approve a revised version of the constitution draft by early 2009.
Separately, EU Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said he hoped Germany's EU presidency would yield more than a calendar for reviving the constitution.
"I hope that, in addition to the road map, a clearer
delineation of what the goal is can be achieved. That is, a
clearer definition of what each member state must achieve,"
Barroso said in an interview with German television station n-tv.
Critics say Christian reference would exclude many
The Vatican and other church organizations have expressed regret that the document does not include an explicit reference to Europe's Judeo-Christian origins.
But critics warned that such a reference would exclude European Muslims and potential member state Turkey, which is predominantly Muslim.
Merkel's conservative Christian Union bloc favors a "privileged partnership" with Turkey as opposed to full EU membership.
But it has agreed to support the EU's ongoing accession negotiations with Ankara as part of her government's coalition agreement with the center-left Social Democrats.
Last year Merkel was among the EU politicians campaigning for a more explicit reference to Europe's Christian roots.
Plans to include such a reference were originally blocked by French President Jacques Chirac. Some German officials hope French conservative presidential candidate Nicolas Sarkozy, who has criticized France's official secularism as too rigid, may support their campaign.
Sarkozy has also argued against allowing Turkey, a
predominantly Muslim country, to join the EU.
Merkel: EU not a "Christian club"
Although Merkel has said it is vital to acknowledge Europe's Christian heritage, she stresses that Europe is a diverse continent.
Merkel said the EU was not a "Christian club" but was a "club of values."
"We will never accept positions that say that the dignity of human beings can be violated or that men and women should have different opportunities to develop. Europe must be ready to stand by these values and fight for them."