1. Skip to content
  2. Skip to main menu
  3. Skip to more DW sites

Death sentence for 1982 Gemayel assassination

October 20, 2017

The court ruling comes more than 35 years after President-elect Bashir Gemayel was killed by a massive bomb blast. Bashir, a Christian, had the backing of Israel and was battling Palestinian and Muslim factions.

A poster of assassinated Presdent-elect Bashir Gemayel
Image: Getty Images/AFP/P. Baz

Lebanon's top court sentenced to death at least one Syrian nationalist for the 1982 assassination of President-elect Bashir Gemayel.

Habib Shartouni, a member of the Syrian Socialist Nationalist Party (SSNP), was sentenced in absentia but admitted his part in the attack in the 1980s. He spent eight years in prison before escaping in 1990.

A pair of political buttons show Gemayel and a cross.
Gemayel was a Christian in a predominantly Muslim countryImage: Getty Images/AFP/R. Haidar

Lebanon's al-Akhbar newspaper quoted Shartouni on Thursday saying the timing of his trial was political and that he had lived in Syria from 1994 to 2004.

He did not say where he lives now.

Gemayel was killed less than a month after being elected president - and just two weeks from taking office - when a massive bomb tore through the right-wing Christian Phalange Party headquarters in east Beirut on September 14. At least 23 of his supporters were also killed in the blast, with Reuters reporting that 32 others had died.

In addition to Shartouni, fellow SSNP member Nabil Farah al-Alam was also sentenced, in absentia, to death for his role in the bomb attack, according to the Associated Press.

Refugee camp massacres

Gemayel was head of the Lebanese Forces Christian militia, which was fighting leftist Muslim and Palestinian factions. His candidacy was backed by Israel.

The general had agreed to start discussing diplomatic ties with Israel at a time when Israeli forces were in Lebanon, during one of the bloodiest phases of Lebanon's 15-year civil war.

On the 20th anniversary (2002)  of the massacres at Sabra and Chatila protesters branded  the leaders of the US - President George W. Bush - and Israel - Ariel Sharon - "criminals."
Protesters on the 20th anniversary (2002) of the massacres at Sabra and Chatila blamed the leaders of the US and IsraelImage: Getty Images/J. Barrak

His assassination triggered the massacre of Palestinians in Beirut's Sabra and Chatila refugee camps. After Gemayel's assassination Israeli forces entered Beirut and allowed Gemayel's militia, the Lebanese Forces, to enter the Palestinian refugee camps. The militia killed hundreds of civilian refugees.

Supporters of both Shartouni and Gemayel have protested outside the court during the hearings.

Supporters of the convicted - al-Alam, left and  Shartouni, right; the banner reads: I advise you to judge treachery wherever you find it
Supporters of - al-Alam, left and Shartouni, right; the banner reads: I advise you to judge treachery wherever you find itImage: Reuters/J. Saidi

Gemayel's family remains one of the most important in Lebanese politics. His son Samy is currently president of the Kataeb party that was founded by his grandfather, Pierre Gemayel, who was a parliamentary power broker for nearly 25 years, until his death in 1984.

Gemayel also had a nephew named Pierre, who was likewise assassinated in 2006.

The Lebanese Forces militia subsequently became a different political party, and is led by one of its commanders, Samir Geagea.

bik/ng (Reuters, AP)