India has revoked the special status of the disputed region. Critics say the aim is to allow more Hindus to live in the Muslim-majority state and is a recipe for unrest.
The Modi-Xi meeting is aimed at mending ties strained by India's decision to split Jammu & Kashmir state into two. China, which claims part of the area's Ladakh region, is also a close ally of India's rival, Pakistan.
In a DW interview, Pakistan's ambassador to Germany, Jauhar Saleem, has said India needs to lift the Kashmir curfew and restore communications if it wants to resume normal diplomatic relations with Pakistan.
People in India-administered Kashmir have been living with roadblocks, lockdowns and no communications for two weeks. DW reporter Rifat Fareed tells the story of life in Srinagar after it was cut off from the world.
India's decision to revoke Jammu and Kashmir's special status is expected to boost investments in the disputed region. But a volatile security situation and local hostility are likely to keep potential investors at bay.
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